# Quiz 3: Motion in Two and Three Dimensions

Physics & Astronomy

Q 1Q 1

You walk 5 km north and then 12 km east. Your resultant displacement is
A) 13 km at an angle of 22.6º north of east.
B) 13 km at an angle of 67.4º north of east.
C) 17 km at an angle of 22.6º north of east.
D) 17 km at an angle of 67.4º north of east.
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

A

Q 2Q 2

You walk 12 km south and then 5 km east. Your resultant displacement is
A) 13 km at an angle of 22.6º south of east.
B) 13 km at an angle of 67.4º south of east.
C) 17 km at an angle of 22.6º south of east.
D) 17 km at an angle of 67.4º south of east.
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

B

Q 3Q 3

The displacement of a particle is _______ the distance the object has traveled.
A) larger than
B) smaller than
C) either larger or smaller than
D) the same as
E) smaller than or equal to

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Multiple Choice

E

Q 4Q 4

A vector has an x component of -5.51 units and a y component of +9.52 units. The angle between the positive direction of the vector and the positive direction of the x axis is
A) 125º
B) 60º
C) 120º
D) 150º
E) -60º

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

A vector has an x component of 5.51 units and a y component of -9.52 units. The angle between the positive direction of the vector and the positive direction of the x axis is approximately
A) 30º
B) -30º
C) 60º
D) -60º
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

The position vector of an object is given by and 4 s later, its position vector is . The units are in m. The change in the position vector , in m, is
A)
B)
C)
D)
E) None of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

The position vector of an object is given by and 4 s later, its position vector is . The units are in m. The magnitude of the change in the position vector is
A) 0 m
B) m
C) m
D) 10 m
E) m

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Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

The position vector of an object is given by and 4 s later, its position vector is . The units are in m. The average velocity vector, in m/s is
A)
B)
C)
D)
E) None of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

Use the diagram to the right to answer questions 9-11.
The curve shows the position of an object with time. The object moves with a constant speed, v.
-Which of the vector diagrams below best represent the change in position vector from P

_{1}to P_{2}? A) (1) B) (2) C) (3) D) (4) E) None of these is correct.Free

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Q 10Q 10

Use the diagram to the right to answer questions 9-11.
The curve shows the position of an object with time. The object moves with a constant speed, v.
-Which of the vector diagrams below best represent the velocity vector at P

_{1}and P_{2}? A) (1) B) (2) C) (3) D) (4) E) None of these is correct.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

Use the diagram to the right to answer questions 9-11.
The curve shows the position of an object with time. The object moves with a constant speed, v.
-Which of the vector diagrams below best represent the change in velocity vector from P

_{1}to P_{2}? A) (1) B) (2) C) (3) D) (4) E) None of these is correct.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

The initial path of a rocket is 30º above the horizontal, and the horizontal component of the rocket's velocity is 326 m/s. The initial vertical component of the rocket's velocity is
A) 188 m/s
B) 330 m/s
C) 380 m/s
D) 280 m/s
E) 250 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

A particle has an initial velocity of 4.8 m/s toward the south and a final velocity of 7.1 m/s toward the east. The particle was subject to a constant acceleration for 0.25 s. The magnitude and the direction of the acceleration must have been
A) 8.6 m/s

^{2}at 34.1º north of east B) 260 m/s^{2}at 34.1º south of east C) 34 m/s^{2}at 34.1º north of east D) 34 m/s^{2}at 34.1º south of east E) 8.6 m/s^{2}at 34.1º south of eastFree

Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

The position vector locating the point P(5,12) relative to the origin is
A) 12 + 5
B) -5 - 12
C) 5 + 12
D) 13 + 13
E) 13 - 13

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Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

The position vector locating the point P(12,-5) relative to the origin is
A) 12 + 5
B) -5 - 12
C) 5 + 12
D) 12 + 5
E) 13 - 13

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Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

The figure shows the position of the moon at two times, about 7 days apart. Which vector best represents the change in the moon's velocity in this time interval?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

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Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

A river is 0.76 km wide. The banks are straight and parallel. The current is 5.0 km/h and is parallel to the banks. A boat has a maximum speed of 3 km/h in still water. The pilot of the boat wishes to travel on a straight line from A to B, where AB is perpendicular to the banks. The pilot should
A) head directly across the river.
B) head 68º upstream from the line AB.
C) head 22º upstream from the line AB.
D) give up. The trip from A to B is not possible with this boat.
E) do none of these.

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Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

If an object is moving west, its acceleration
A) is north.
B) is east.
C) is west.
D) is south.
E) may be any direction.

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

A car is traveling east at 50 km/h. It rounds a curve, and 5 s later it is traveling north at 50 km/h. The magnitude of the average acceleration of the car is
A) zero
B) 20 km/h · s
C) 10 km/h · s
D) 50 km/h · s
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

A car is traveling south at 30 km/h. It rounds a curve, and 6 s later it is traveling west at 30 km/h. The magnitude of the average acceleration of the car is
A) zero
B) 60 km/h · s
C) 5 km/h · s
D) 50 km/h · s
E) 7.1 km/h · s

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Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

The instantaneous velocity of a particle at t

_{1}is represented by_{1}, and at t_{2}by_{2}. Each heavy graph division is 10 m/s on each side. Let t_{1}= 1 s and t_{2}= 7 s. Then the average acceleration of the particle between time t_{1}and t_{2}is A) 18.2 m/s^{2}at 0º B) 15.0 m/s^{2}at 180º C) 6.06 m/s^{2}at 98º D) 5.00 m/s^{2}at 180º E) 3.03 m/s^{2}at 98ºFree

Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

A pilot wants the heading of an airplane to be 37º east of north. The wind is from the east at 37 km/h. The airplane has a speed relative to the air of 370 km/h. Approximately what heading should the pilot maintain? (Hint: Sketch the problem graphically and select the best answer from the list given.)
A) 318º
B) 4.6º
C) 122º
D) 32º
E) 42º

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Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

A pilot wants the heading of an airplane to be 45º east of north. The wind is from 270º at 32 km/h, and the speed of the airplane through the air is 320 km/h. The pilot should maintain a heading of approximately
A) 15º
B) 49º
C) 41º
D) 4º
E) 131º

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Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

An automobile is moving toward the east at 50 km/h, and the wind is from the north at 50 km/h. Which vector in the figure represents the wind velocity as observed by a passenger in the car?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

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Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

An airplane is heading due east. The airspeed indicator shows that the plane is moving at a speed of 370 km/h relative to the air. If the wind is blowing from the south at 92.5 km/h, the velocity of the airplane relative to the ground is
A) 357 km/h at 14º east of north.
B) 381 km/h at 104º east of north.
C) 381 km/h at 76º east of north.
D) 357 km/h at 76º east of north.
E) 381 km/h at 14º east of north.

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Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

A car is at position (x

_{1}, y_{1}) = (4 m, 5 m) at time t_{1}= 1 s. If 10 seconds later the car moving in a straight line is at position (x_{2}, y_{2}) = (204 m, 305 m), calculate the distance traveled by the car in this interval. A) 367 m B) 500 m C) 373 m D) 509 m E) 361 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

A car is at position (x

_{1}, y_{1}) = (4 m, 5 m) at time t_{1}= 1 s. If 10 seconds later the car moving in a straight line is at position (x_{2}, y_{2}) = (204 m, 305 m), calculate the magnitude of the average velocity during this interval. A) 36.1 m/s B) 32.8 m/s C) 36.7 m/s D) 50.0 m/s E) 40.1 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

A car is at position (x

_{1}, y_{1}) = (4 m, 5 m) at time t_{1}= 1 s. If 10 seconds later the car moving in a straight line is at position (x_{2}, y_{2}) = (204 m, 305 m), find the (size of the) component of the average velocity along the x-axis. A) 30.0 m/s B) 36.1 m/s C) 20.0 m/s D) 18.2 m/s E) 22.2 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

A train, starting from rest, accelerates along the platform at a uniform rate of 0.6 m/s

^{2}. A passenger standing on the platform is 5 m away from the door when the train starts to pull away and heads toward the door at acceleration of 1.2 m/s^{2}. How far away from the door is the passenger after 3 seconds? A) 2.7 m B) 5.4 m C) 0.40 m D) 2.3 m E) 0.90 mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

A train, starting from rest, accelerates along the platform at a uniform rate of 0.6 m/s

^{2}. A passenger standing on the platform is 5 m away from the door when the train starts to pull away and heads toward the door at an acceleration of 1.2 m/s^{2}. How long does it take the passenger to reach the door? A) 3.0 s B) 17 s C) 7.1 s D) 5.6 s E) 4.1 sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

A projectile is fired at an angle of 45º above the horizontal. If air resistance is neglected, the line in the graph that best represents the horizontal displacement of the projectile as a function of travel time is
A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

If a baseball is thrown at an angle of elevation of 30º, its range in the absence of air resistance is less than that of one thrown at
A) 0º
B) 80º
C) 20º
D) 55º
E) 90º

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Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

A projectile is fired with an initial speed of 1000 m/s at an angle of 37º above the horizontal. If air resistance is neglected, the horizontal component of the projectile's velocity after 20 s is approximately
A) 600 m/s
B) 800 m/s
C) 640 m/s
D) 40 m/s
E) 160 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

A ball is thrown horizontally from a cliff with a velocity

_{0}. A graph of the acceleration of the ball versus the distance fallen could be represented by curve A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5Free

Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

Which of the following statements is not true of a projectile moving near the surface of the earth against negligible air resistance?
A) The horizontal velocity is constant.
B) The vertical acceleration is constant.
C) The horizontal displacement is directly proportional to the time of flight.
D) The vertical velocity at any given time is independent of the angle of projection.
E) The horizontal acceleration is constant.

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Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

The maximum horizontal range of a rock which is thrown at the same speed but different angles with the horizon and which lands at a level, H, below the initial level occurs when the angle is
A) less than 0
B) 0
C) greater than 0 and less than 45 (actual value depends on the value of H)
D) 45
E) greater than 45

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Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

A baseball is thrown with a velocity at an angle with the horizontal. The horizontal component of its velocity in the absence of air resistance is
A) v cos
B) v cos - gt
C) v

^{2}+ 2gx D) v^{2}- 2gx E) v sin - gtFree

Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

A stone with a mass m is dropped from an airplane that has a horizontal velocity v at a height h above a lake. If air resistance is neglected, the horizontal distance R from the point on the lake directly below the point of release to the point where the stone strikes the water is given by which formula?
A) R = v(2h/g)

^{2 }B) R = (1/2)gt^{2 }C) D) E) None of these is correct.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

A plane is flying horizontally at a height of 500 m and a constant speed of 429 km/h when an object is projected vertically downward at an initial speed of 35.0 m/s. If air resistance is neglected, the average vertical component of velocity between the object's release and its striking the ground is
A) 70.0 m/s
B) 5.50 10

^{3}m/s C) 140 m/s D) 105 m/s E) 35.0 m/sFree

Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

A projectile is shot at an angle of 45º to the horizontal near the surface of Earth but in the absence of air resistance. When it reaches the highest point of its trajectory, its speed is 150 m/s. In a second trial with the same projectile, the initial speed is the same but the angle is now 37º with the horizontal. At its highest point in this trajectory, the speed of the projectile would be
A) 150 m/s (sin 45º/sin 36º)
B) 150 m/s (cos 37º/cos 45º)
C) 150 m/s (sin 37º/sin 45º)
D) 150 m/s 37/45)
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

A rescue airplane is diving at an angle of 37º below the horizontal with a speed of 250 m/s. It releases a survival package when it is at an altitude of 600 m. If air resistance is ignored, the horizontal distance of the point of impact from the plane at the moment of the package's release is
A) 2.80 10

^{3}m B) 720 m C) 6.80 10^{3}m D) 420 m E) 5.50 10^{3}mFree

Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

A golfer drives her ball from the tee down the fairway in a high arcing shot. When the ball is at the highest point of its flight,
A) its velocity and acceleration are both zero.
B) its velocity is zero but its acceleration is nonzero.
C) its velocity is nonzero but its acceleration is zero.
D) its velocity and acceleration are both nonzero.
E) Insufficient information is given to answer correctly.

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Multiple Choice

Q 43Q 43

A particle initially moving at 4.0 m/s along the x axis is uniformly accelerated at 3.0 m/s

^{2}along the y axis for 2.0 s. The final speed of the particle is A) -2.0 m/s B) 8.2 m/s C) 6.0 m/s D) 10 m/s E) None of these is correct.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

A projectile was fired at 35º above the horizontal. At the highest point in its trajectory its speed was 200 m/s. If air resistance is ignored, the initial velocity had a horizontal component of
A) zero
B) 200 cos (35º) m/s
C) 200 sin (35º) m/s
D) 200/cos (35º) m/s
E) 200 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

You shoot an arrow in a high arc toward a target located some distance away. At the highest point in its flight, the arrow's
A) velocity and acceleration are both nonzero.
B) velocity is zero but its acceleration is nonzero.
C) velocity is nonzero but its acceleration is zero.
D) velocity and acceleration are both zero.
E) Insufficient information is given to answer correctly.

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Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

If you ignore air resistance in projectile motion, the ________ of the projectile remains constant.
A) velocity vector
B) horizontal component of the velocity vector
C) vertical component of the velocity vector
D) speed
E) range

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Multiple Choice

Q 47Q 47

Use the following to answer questions :
-The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from A to E in Earth gravity but without air resistance. What is the direction of the acceleration at point B?
A) it is up and to the right
B) it is down and to the left
C) it is straight up
D) it is straight down
E) The acceleration of the ball is zero

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Multiple Choice

Q 48Q 48

Use the following to answer questions :
-The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from A to E in Earth gravity but without air resistance. What is the direction of the acceleration at point C?
A) it is to the right
B) it is to the left
C) it is straight up
D) it is straight down
E) The acceleration of the ball is zero

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Multiple Choice

Q 49Q 49

Use the following to answer questions :
-The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from A to E in Earth gravity but without air resistance. At point C the velocity of the ball is
A) a maximum and is directed to the right
B) directed to the left
C) a maximum
D) a minimum and is directed to the right
E) zero

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Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

Use the figure to answer questions 50-52.
The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from a to e in Earth gravity but without air resistance. The initial velocity of the ball is V

_{o}at an angle to the horizon. The vertical dashed lines represent equal time interval, t. -The horizontal velocity at point c is A) 0 B) V_{o}cos () C) V_{o}sin () D) V_{o}E) depends on what g is along the pathFree

Multiple Choice

Q 51Q 51

Use the figure to answer questions 50-52.
The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from a to e in Earth gravity but without air resistance. The initial velocity of the ball is V

_{o}at an angle to the horizon. The vertical dashed lines represent equal time interval, t. -The vertical velocity at point b is: Note: (g = 9.81 m/s^{2}) A) 0 B) V_{o}cos () - ½ g (2t)^{2}C) V_{o}sin () - ½ g (2t)^{2}D) V_{o}sin () + ½ g (2t)^{2}E) V_{o}cos () + ½ g (2t)^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 52Q 52

Use the figure to answer questions 50-52.
The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from a to e in Earth gravity but without air resistance. The initial velocity of the ball is V

_{o}at an angle to the horizon. The vertical dashed lines represent equal time interval, t. -The acceleration at point a is ____ the acceleration at c. A) less than B) equal to C) greater than D) unable to tell E) depends on how g changes along the pathFree

Multiple Choice

Q 53Q 53

Use the figure to answer questions 50-52.
The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from a to e in Earth gravity but without air resistance. The initial velocity of the ball is V

_{o}at an angle to the horizon. The vertical dashed lines represent equal time interval, t. - A projectile is fired horizontally in Earth gravity with an initial speed v_{0}. In the absence of air resistance, which of the following graphs is representative of the projectile's motion? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 E) 5Free

Multiple Choice

Q 54Q 54

Use the following to answer question :
-The figure represents the parabolic trajectory of a ball going from A to E. What is the speed at point C compared with that at point A?
A) It is greater at C than at A
B) It is less at C than at A
C) The speeds are identical
D) The speeds are both zero
E) It is not possible to answer this question without more information.

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Multiple Choice

Q 55Q 55

Use the following to answer question :
-If air resistance is neglected and the initial speed of a projectile is doubled, its range
A) doubles.
B) decreases by one-half.
C) increases by a factor of four.
D) decreases by a factor of four.
E) does not change.

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Multiple Choice

Q 56Q 56

Use the following to answer question :
- An airplane in horizontal flight releases a relief package as shown in the diagram. The trajectory of the package is best represented by
A) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4
E) None of these is correct.

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Multiple Choice

Q 57Q 57

A naughty squirrel jumps from a tree limb onto a birdfeeder. The tree limb is 4.5 m above the ground and the top of the birdfeeder is 1.5 m above the ground. If the squirrel jumps horizontally with a velocity of 2.5 m/s then how far away in the horizontal direction can the bird feeder be for the squirrel to just make it onto the top of the feeder.
A) 3.6 m
B) 2.0 m
C) 2.4 m
D) 1.5 m
E) 1.4 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 58Q 58

Mark throws a ball to Daniel with an initial speed of 20 m/s at an angle of 45 degrees. If they are initially 55 m apart, calculate the average speed Daniel has to run to catch the ball. (Assume the ball is thrown and caught at the same height. Also assume that Daniel starts to run when the ball is thrown.)
A) 19 m/s
B) 14 m/s
C) 4.9 m/s
D) 9.1 m/s
E) 2.9 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 59Q 59

A roofing tile slides down a roof and falls off the roof edge 10 m above the ground at a speed of 6 m/s. The roof makes an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal. How far from the exit point on the roof does the tile land?
A) 6.00 m
B) 16.0 m
C) 11.7 m
D) 13.6 m
E) 19.2 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 60Q 60

A projectile is ejected from a 25-m high tower with a velocity of 40 m/s at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal first on Earth and then on Mars. What is the ratio of the time taken to hit the ground on Mars compared to Earth? (Assume g

_{Mars}= 0.38g_{Earth}) A) 2.4 B) 2.6 C) 0.38 D) 6.9 E) 1.0Free

Multiple Choice

Q 61Q 61

A projectile is ejected from a 25-m high tower with a velocity of 40 m/s at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal first on Earth and then on Mars. What is the ratio of maximum height above ground level on Mars to Earth (i.e., h

_{max}(Mars) / h_{max}(Earth))? (Assume g_{Mars}= 0.38g_{Earth}) A) 6.2 B) 0.60 C) 1.1 D) 2.6 E) 1.7Free

Multiple Choice

Q 62Q 62

The initial position and velocity of a projectile are given by and respectively, and where r is in m and v in m/s. The position in the horizontal direction (in m) as a function of time is
A) x(t) = 6t
B) x(t) = 3 + 6t
C) x(t) = 3 + 6t + gt

^{2}D) x(t) = 4 + 8t E) x(t) = 4 + 8t + gt^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 63Q 63

The initial position and velocity of a projectile are given by and respectively, and where r is in m and v in m/s. The position in the vertical direction (in m) as a function of time is
A) y(t) = 6t
B) y(t) = 3 + 6t
C) y(t) = 3 + 6t + gt

^{2}D) y(t) = 4 + 8t E) y(t) = 4 + 8t + gt^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 64Q 64

A merry-go-round completes one revolution in 30 s. What is the speed of a rider located at a distance 3 m from the center of the merry go-round?
A) 0.1 m/s
B) 0.2 m/s
C) 2 m/s
D) 6 m/s
E) 30 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 65Q 65

A merry-go-round completes one revolution in 40 s. What is the centripetal acceleration of a rider located at a distance 2 m from the center of the merry go-round?
A) m/s

^{2}B) m/s^{2}C) ^{} m/s^{2}D) ^{}/100 m/s^{2}E) ^{2}m/s^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 66Q 66

A ball is whirled in a horizontal circle of radius r and speed v. The radius is increased to 2r keeping the speed of the ball constant. The period of the ball changes by a factor of
A) half
B) one
C) two
D) three
E) four

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Multiple Choice

Q 67Q 67

The figure shows the position of a ball as it is being whirled in a vertical circle. At point (a), the direction of the resultant acceleration (centripetal and tangential) is

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