# Quiz 6: Learning Curves

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55

All Questions

29

Multiple Choice

26

True False

0

Essay

0

Short Answer

0

Not Answered

Q 1

The learning curve states that the more experience you have in a particular activity; the less surprised you will be when something goes wrong.

Free

True False

False

Q 2

When plotted on a graph, the learning curve can't be expressed as logarithm.

Free

True False

False

Q 3

Economies of scale and the learning curve have opposite effects on capacity.

Free

True False

False

Q 4

The point at which the scale economy curve and the learning curve intersect is called the capacity optimum.

True False

Q 5

A learning curve is a line displaying the relationship between unit production time and the cumulative number of units produced.

True False

Q 6

A learning curve is a line displaying the way unit production time decreases as time passes.

True False

Q 7

On a learning curve plot, the time per unit is usually displayed on the vertical axis.

True False

Q 8

A learning curve shows the decrease in time required for each successive unit completed.

True False

Q 9

A learning curve shows the increase in time required for each successive unit completed.

True False

Q 10

An assumption of learning curves is that the time required to complete a unit will decrease at a decreasing rate as the cumulative number of units completed increases.

True False

Q 11

An assumption of learning curves is that the time required to complete a unit will increase at an increasing rate as the cumulative number of units completed increases.

True False

Q 12

An assumption of learning curves is that the time required to complete a unit will decrease at an increasing rate as the cumulative number of units completed increases.

True False

Q 13

You time someone completing a single task the first time at 10 minutes, and the second time they do the task it takes 9 minutes.You should use an 80 percent learning curve to estimate the length of time this worker will take to complete this task in the future.

True False

Q 14

You time someone completing a single task the first time at 100 minutes, and the second time they do the task it takes 90 minutes.You should use a 90 percent learning curve to estimate the length of time this worker will take to complete this task in the future.

True False

Q 15

You time someone completing a single task the first time at 120 minutes, and the second time they do the task it takes 108 minutes.You should use a 90 percent learning curve to estimate the length of time this worker will take to complete this task in the future.

True False

Q 16

You time someone completing a single task the first time at 100 minutes, and the fourth time they do the task it takes 81 minutes.You should use an 81 percent learning curve to estimate the length of time this worker will take to complete this task in the future.

True False

Q 17

You time someone completing a single task the first time at 100 minutes, and the fourth time they do the task it takes 81 minutes.You should use a 90 percent learning curve to estimate the length of time this worker will take to complete this task in the future.

True False

Q 18

The unit improvement factor for a 60 percent learning curve at 25 units is 0.0933.The first and second timings of a person doing a job are 5 minutes and 3 minutes, respectively.The learning-adjusted time estimate for the unit number 25 is 0.0933 minute.

True False

Q 19

The unit improvement factor for a 60 percent learning curve at 25 units is 0.0933.The first and second timings of a person doing a job are 10 minutes and 6 minutes, respectively.The learning-adjusted time estimate for the unit number 25 is 0.9330 minute.

True False

Q 20

The unit improvement factor is not as useful as arithmetic tabulation of learning curve statistics in adjusting time estimates for learning.

True False

Q 21

Learning curves have a wide range of business applications.

True False

Q 22

If a person performing a task has been achieving a 95 percent learning curve and you know that the task will end after the 100

^{th}unit, the last unit produced will take 71.12 percent as much time as the first unit. True False

Q 23

If a person performing a task has been achieving a 75 percent learning curve and you know that the task will end after the 80

^{th}unit, the last unit produced will take 17.12 percent as much time as the first unit. True False

Q 24

If a person performing a task has been achieving an 80 percent learning curve and it took 10 minutes to produce the first unit, the total time to produce 100 units will be 326.5 minutes.

True False

Q 25

If a person performing a task has been achieving an 85 percent learning curve and if it took 1 minute to produce the first unit, the total time to produce 1,000 units will be 437.5 minutes.

True False

Q 26

Learning curves can be applied to individuals and to organizations.

True False

Q 27

An assumption of learning curve theory is which of the following?
A)Unit time will decrease at a decreasing rate.
B)Unit time will increase at a decreasing rate.
C)Unit time will decrease at an increasing rate.
D)Unit time will increase at an increasing rate.
E)Unit time will hold constant.

Multiple Choice

Q 28

An assumption of learning curve theory is which of the following?
A)The reduction in unit time will follow a predictable pattern.
B)Unit time will decrease at an increasing rate.
C)The time required to do a task will vary randomly each time the task is repeated.
D)Learning will not be transferred from one worker to the next.
E)Organizational learning is not included in learning theory.

Multiple Choice

Q 29

Which of the following computational methods are used to calculate learning curve statistics?
A)Simple compounding
B)Exponential smoothing
C)Logarithms
D)Calculus
E)Negative recursive multiplication

Multiple Choice

Q 30

The unit improvement factor for a 60 percent learning curve at 25 units is 0.0933.The first and second timings of a person doing a job are 5 minutes and 3 minutes respectively.Which of the following is the learning-adjusted time estimate for unit number 25?
A)0.4665 minute
B)0.0933 minute
C)4.665 minutes
D)9.33 minutes
E)3 minutes

Multiple Choice

Q 31

The unit improvement factor for an 80 percent learning curve at 100 units is 0.2271.The first and second timings of a person doing a job are 20 minutes and 16 minutes, respectively.What is the learning-adjusted time estimate for unit number 100?
A)20 minutes
B)16 minutes
C)2.271 minutes
D)4.542 minutes
E)0.800 minute

Multiple Choice

Q 32

You have just timed a person doing a job a few times.The first time it took the person 25 minutes, the second time it took 20 minutes, and the third time it took 17.55 minutes.Which learning curve unit improvement factor should you use?
A)25 percent
B)75 percent
C)80 percent
D)85 percent
E)90 percent

Multiple Choice

Q 33

You have just timed a person doing a job a four times.The first time it took the person 120 minutes, the second time it took 90 minutes, the third time it took 76.1 minutes, and the fourth time it took 67.5 minutes.Which learning curve unit improvement factor should you use?
A)25 percent
B)75 percent
C)80 percent
D)85 percent
E)90 percent

Multiple Choice

Q 34

You have determined that a 75 percent learning curve is appropriate for a task.If the initial timing of the person performing that job was 50 minutes, and if you need the job performed 500 times, how many minutes of work will be required?
A)25,000 minutes
B)3,184 minutes
C)1,895 minutes
D)1,379 minutes
E)636.8 minutes

Multiple Choice

Q 35

You have determined that a 60 percent learning curve is appropriate for a task.If your initial timing of person performing that task was 35 minutes and if you need the task performed 1,000 times, how many minutes of work will be required?
A)3,500.0 minutes
B)1,062.5 minutes
C)705.25 minutes
D)450.5 minutes
E)220.3 minutes

Multiple Choice

Q 36

You have just timed a person doing a hair cut for the first time.It took 50 minutes.What unit improvement factor learning curve would you use if the person took 35 minutes on the second hair cut?
A)35 percent
B)50 percent
C)70 percent
D)75 percent
E)80 percent

Multiple Choice

Q 37

With an 80 percent unit improvement factor learning curve and an initial time of 100 minutes to do a job, at what number of repetitions will the job take less than 50 minutes?
A)5 repetitions of the job
B)6 repetitions of the job
C)7 repetitions of the job
D)8 repetitions of the job
E)9 repetitions of the job

Multiple Choice

Q 38

With a 70 percent unit improvement factor learning curve and an initial time of 100 minutes to do a job, at what number of repetitions does the job take less than 50 minutes?
A)2 repetitions of the job
B)3 repetitions of the job
C)4 repetitions of the job
D)5 repetitions of the job
E)6 repetitions of the job

Multiple Choice

Q 39

The 50

^{th}repetition of a job is timed at 100 minutes.If the learning curve for this job is 90 percent, what is the estimated time for the 100^{th}repetition of this job? A)49.66 minutes B)81 minutes C)90 minutes D)100 minutes E)110 minutes Multiple Choice

Q 40

The 50

^{th}repetition of a job is timed at 100 minutes.If the learning curve for this job is 90 percent, what is the estimated time for the 200^{th}repetition of this job? A)44.69 minutes B)81 minutes C)90 minutes D)100 minutes E)110 minutes Multiple Choice

Q 41

The 10

^{th}repetition of job is timed at 100 minutes.If the learning curve for this job is 80 percent, what is the estimated time for the 100^{th}repetition of this job? A)47.66 minutes B)62.50 minutes C)80 minutes D)92.50 minutes E)100 minutes Multiple Choice

Q 42

A company can produce a small lot of products the first time at a cost of $2,000.If their 85 percent learning curve allows them to reduce their costs on each lot, what is the total cost of producing 5 lots?
A)$10,000.00
B)$9,376.50
C)$8,062.00
D)$4,031.00
E)$1,191.20

Multiple Choice

Q 43

A company can produce a small lot of products the first time at a cost of $10,000.If their 75 percent learning curve allows them to reduce their costs on each lot, what is the total cost of producing 10 lots?
A)$100,000
B)$93,978
C)$65,432
D)$55,890
E)$49,310

Multiple Choice

Q 44

A company can produce a small lot of products the first time at a cost of $3,000.If their 65 percent learning curve allows them to reduce their costs on each lot, what is the cost of producing the 12

^{th}lot? A)$14,340 B)$3,000 C)$2,896 D)$640.50 E)$213.50 Multiple Choice

Q 45

You are a consultant called in to estimate the costs after the employees learn how to do a job more efficiently by repetition of new product.You find a company can produce a product the first time at a cost of $5,000.If their 90 percent learning curve allows them to reduce their costs on each unit, what is the total cost of producing 100 units of the new product?
A)$500,000
B)$390,000
C)$290,700
D)$250,687
E)$250,000

Multiple Choice

Q 46

You are a consultant specializing in estimating the costs after the employees learn how to do a job more efficiently by repetition.Your client can produce a product the first time at a cost of $2,500.If their 65 percent learning curve allows them to reduce their costs on each product, what is the total cost of producing 400 units of the new product?
A)$100,000
B)$78,900
C)$58,600
D)$45,765
E)$37,850

Multiple Choice

Q 47

A company can produce a small lot of products the first time at a cost of $3,000.If their 65 percent learning curve allows them to reduce their costs on each lot, what is the cost of producing the 20

^{th}lot? A)$60,000 B)$18,585 C)$1,950 D)$466.20 E)$155.40 Multiple Choice

Q 48

A company's production process has an 85 percent learning curve rate.The process has produced 1,000 units to date.A process refinement is estimated to allow a future learning curve rate for the identical product of 75 percent.However, the initial unit made using the new process will take the same amount of time as the very first unit produced using the old process.At what point, using the new process, will the production rate exceed the production rate achieved by the old process?
A)By the 50

^{th}unit B)By the 80^{th}unit C)By the 100^{th}unit D)By the 120^{th}unit E)By the 250^{th}unit Multiple Choice

Q 49

A company's production process has an 80 percent learning curve rate.The process has produced 1,000 units to date.A process refinement is estimated to allow a future learning curve rate for the identical product of 75 percent.However, the initial unit made using the new process will take the same amount of time as the initial unit produced using the old process.At what point, using the new process, will the production rate exceed the production rate achieved by the old process?
A)Before the 50

^{th}unit B)Before the 80^{th}unit C)Before the 100^{th}unit D)Before the 120^{th}unit E)Before the 250^{th}unit Multiple Choice

Q 50

Which of the following is a reason that there are disparities between a firm's learning curve rate and that of its industry?
A)Companies don't always report sensitive data to outside agencies accurately.
B)Learning curves don't reflect organizational learning.
C)There may be procedural differences in the manner that different firms collect and report data.
D)The starting points for different firms were different.
E)The cumulative number of units produced is different.

Multiple Choice

Q 51

The general guidelines provided in the textbook on improving individual learning based on learning curves do not include which of the following?
A)Proper training
B)Work specialization
C)Early removal of workers who do not improve
D)Motivation
E)Doing one or very few jobs at a time

Multiple Choice

Q 52

The general guidelines provided in the textbook on improving individual learning based on learning curves include which of the following?
A)Use a cumulative improvement factor.
B)Use a unit improvement factor.
C)Do one or very few jobs at a time.
D)Explain learning logarithm analysis to workers.
E)Avoid feedback until the job is complete.

Multiple Choice

Q 53

Suppose that Job A involves 30% hand assembly (manual work) and 70% machining (machine controlled work), Job B involves 50% hand assembly (manual work) and 50% machining (machine controlled work) and Job C involves 70% hand assembly (manual work) and 30% machining (machine controlled work).Comparing the learning percent in each of the three jobs using general guidelines, which of the following is correct?
A)Learning percent in job A < leaning % in Job B < learning percent in job C.
B)Learning percent in job A > leaning % in Job B > learning percent in job C.
C)Learning percent in job A = leaning % in Job B = learning percent in job C.
D)Learning percent in job A < leaning % in Job C < learning percent in job B.
E)Learning percent in job A > leaning % in Job B > learning percent in job C.

Multiple Choice

Q 54

All except one of the following is listed as a managerial consideration or appropriate explanation in using learning curves.Which one is that?
A)Improvement comes from working smarter, not harder.
B)Individual learning and incentives are positively related.
C)Newer the job, greater will be the learning.
D)Learning curves is not impacted by the number of indirect labor (such as repair person and supervisor).
E)Learning curve represent direct labor output.

Multiple Choice

Q 55

Learning curve percent and the reduction in the time it takes to produce the 1000th unit (in general nth unit) as compared to the time to make the first unit is
A)related in a direct fashion, meaning higher the learning curve percent greater will be the reduction in time to produce the 1000th unit
B)related in an inverse fashion, meaning higher the learning curve percent lower will be the reduction in time to produce the 1000

^{th}unit C)related in a linear direct fashion, meaning higher the learning curve percent proportionately higher will be the reduction in time to produce the 1000^{th}unit. D)not related E)related in a linear inverse fashion, meaning higher the learning curve percent proportionately lower will be the reduction in time to produce the 1000^{th}unit. Multiple Choice