Pharmacology A Patient

Nursing

Quiz 50 :
Labor, delivery, and Postpartum

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Quiz 50 :
Labor, delivery, and Postpartum

B Breathing and relaxation techniques are often used as nonpharmacologic measures to control pain during labor.Sedatives are often used to decrease maternal anxiety during false labor,latent labor,or with ruptured membranes without true labor.Fentanyl is generally not given until active labor.Ibuprofen can cause premature closure of the ductus arteriosis.

C Narcotic analgesics cause respiratory depression in the infant if given shortly before delivery.The nurse should monitor the infant closely and prepare to give naloxone (Narcan)if this occurs.Opioid withdrawal occurs with prolonged exposure to opioids.Orthostatic hypotension and tachycardia are not common effects.

D Sedative-hypnotic drugs,such as secobarbital,can cause neonatal respiratory depression,hypotonia,and a poor sucking response up to 4 days.Butorphanol tartrate,fentanyl,and nalbuphine do not have prolonged effects.