Quiz 39: Antihypertensives


D Weight loss decreases the stress on the heart and the afterload.Decreasing salt intake decreases the amount of retained fluid.Changing to yoga from weight-bearing exercise,limiting fluids,and increasing potassium are not indicated.Stress reduction is recommended,but increasing protein is not.

D Prehypertension is defined as a systolic pressure of 120 to 139 and a diastolic pressure between 80 and 89.Drug therapy is recommended if the blood pressure is greater than 20/10 over the goal,which would be 140/90.Prehypertension is generally treated first with lifestyle changes.

D According to the Joint National Committee (JNC)8,a blood pressure of 140/90 is the goal for the population younger than 60 years,with a target of 150/90 for those above 60.The guideline for normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg.

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