# Quiz 2: Kinematics

Physics & Astronomy

Q 1Q 1

A bee caught inside a window walks along the bottom ledge. Starting at the left corner, it walks 50 cm to the right, then 20 cm to the left, then 8 cm to the right, and 10 cm to the left. At this time, how far is the bee from the corner?
a.28 cm
b.40 cm
c.50 cm
d.88 cm

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a

Q 2Q 2

Figure 2.1 shows the x-position of an object as a function of time. Which of the following best describes the motion of the object?
A)The object moves to the right, then down, then moves to the right, then up.
B)The object moves up, falls down, stops for some time, and moves up again.
C)The object moves to the right, moves to the left, stops for a while, and again moves to the right.
D)The object moves up and to the right, then straight to the right, then up again.

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Multiple Choice

C

Q 3Q 3

A man is chased by a jaguar. The man's top speed is 20 km/hr and the jaguar's top speed is 100 km/hr. If they are 400 m apart, how many seconds elapse until the man is caught?
A)5 s
B)14.4 s
C)18 s
D)72 s

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Multiple Choice

C

Q 4Q 4

A boy runs around a neighbourhood block in 10 minutes for a total distance of 2 km. What are his average velocity and speed in km/s?
A)12, 12
B)12, 0
C)0, 12
D)not enough information provided

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

A migrating bird will travel nonstop at a fixed speed of 40 km/hr (in still air) over a distance of 2000 km due south of its present position; however, there is a west wind of 30 km/hr. What is the time required for the bird to reach its destination?
A)37.8 hours
B)53.5 hours
C)75.6 hours
D)106.9 hours

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

Which of these statements tells you that, from a graph of displacement versus time, the velocity at point (t

_{2}, x_{2}) is greater than the velocity at another point, (t_{1}, x_{1})? A)The vertical coordinate at point (t_{2}, x_{2}) is greater. B)The slope of the tangent is greater. C)The slope at (t_{2}, x_{2}) is increasing. D)The slope at (t_{1}, x_{1}) is decreasing.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

In a graph of velocity versus time, which of these statements correctly describes the total displacement from time t

_{1}to time t_{2}? A)the slope of the line passing through the graph at time points t_{1}and t_{2}B)the area under the curve between t_{1}and t_{2}C)the maximum slope of the graph between t_{1}and t_{2}D)insufficient information providedFree

Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

A bird flies north at 60 km/hr for 2 minutes, then east at 70 km/hr for 5 minutes, and finally lands after flying south at 80 km/hr for 3 minutes. What is the displacement of the landing point from the take-off point?
A)2.04 km, 19 degrees north of east
B)2.04 km, 19 degrees south of east
C)11.83 km, 20 degrees north of east
D)11.83 km, 45 degrees south of east

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

Blood in the aorta accelerates from rest to 0.4 m/s over a distance of 2 cm. What is the average acceleration?
A)4 m/s

^{2}B)4 m^{2}/s^{2}C)8 m^{2}/s D)8 m/s^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

Figure 2.2
-Figure 2.2 represents position as a function of time for object A and object B. Which of the following statements correctly describes a comparison of the velocity and the acceleration of objects A and B?
A)The velocity of B is always larger than the velocity of A.
B)The acceleration of A is larger than the acceleration of B at time 1.5 s.
C)The velocity of A is larger than the velocity of B at time 1.5 s.
D)The acceleration of A is always larger than the acceleration of B.

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Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

What is the stopping distance for a car braking at constant deceleration of 0.5g from a speed of 120 km/hr?
A)56 m
B)70 m
C)113 m
D)140 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

A ball is thrown vertically upward at 10 m/s. How high does the ball rise?
A)2.5 m
B)5.1 m
C)10.2 m
D)15.3 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

A stone is dropped from a bridge 50 m above a river. How long does it take the stone to reach the water?
A)2.26 seconds
B)3.19 seconds
C)4.52 seconds
D)4.78 seconds

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Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

A person on the ground wishes to throw a ball up to her friend on the third floor balcony, 10.0 m above, from a position 1.0 m away from the side of the building. The friend on the balcony catches the ball while it is moving horizontally. To achieve this, with what speed must the friend on the ground throw the ball?
A)7.0 m/s
B)9.9 m/s
C)14.0 m/s
D)19.8 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

While flying horizontally at a speed of 5.0 m/s, an owl accidentally drops a mouse it is carrying. The mouse drops to the ground, 10.0 m below. What is the impact velocity with which the mouse hits the ground?
A)14.9 m/s, at angle of 70.35 degrees below the horizontal
B)14.9 m/s, at angle of 70.35 degrees above the horizontal
C)20.0 m/s, at angle of 70.35 degrees below the horizontal
D)20.0 m/s, at angle of 70.35 degrees above the horizontal

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Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

A shot putter can throw the shot with an initial velocity of 20 m/s from a height of 1.8 m at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal. With what speed does the shot hit the ground?
A)10 m/s
B)11.63 m/s
C)20 m/s
D)20.86 m/s

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Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

A ball is thrown from a building at an angle of 45 degrees above the horizontal. If the ball were thrown in the same way from a floor at twice the height, by what factor does the distance from the building at which the ball reaches the ground increase?
A) 2
B)2
C)2 2
D)insufficient information

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Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

A boy throws a ball at an angle of 60 degrees above the horizontal with a speed of 12.00 m/s. After 2 s, what is the distance of the ball from the boy?
A)1.18 m
B)10.82 m
C)12.06 m
D)24.0 m

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

A top with a diameter of 5.00 cm is spinning at 200.00 revolutions per minute. What is the centripetal acceleration at the rim?
A)1.97 m/s

^{2}B)3.95 m/s^{2}C)5.59 m/s^{2}D)7.90 m/s^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

The Moon orbits Earth in an approximately circular orbit at a distance of 380000 km in 27.3216 days. What is the centripetal acceleration of the Moon?
A)0.0272 m/s

^{2}B)0.0068 m/s^{2}C)0.0027 m/s^{2}D)0.0014 m/s^{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

A fly crawls in a zigzag pattern along a line where the angle that successive straight-line segments of its path make with the general direction of motion is 60 degrees. The total distance the fly crawls is twice the distance between the end points of its path.

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True False

Q 22Q 22

At some point on the graph of displacement versus time, between two points, the instantaneous velocity equals the average velocity between those points.

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True False

Q 23Q 23

For an object moving along a straight line, in order to return to its starting point it does not necessarily have a speed of zero during the time lapse of its motion.

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True False

Q 24Q 24

For a car braking with constant deceleration, the time to stop is doubled when the speed of the car before braking is doubled.

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True False

Q 25Q 25

A train travelling at 200 km/hr has to brake due to an obstruction on the track 1 km ahead. The maximum braking deceleration that can be applied is 0.2g. The train will be able to stop before hitting the obstruction.

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True False

Q 26Q 26

If a car brakes at constant deceleration, the stopping distance is doubled when the initial speed is twice as great.

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True False

Q 27Q 27

Neglecting air resistance, a ball thrown horizontally with a certain velocity from 10 floors up a building will hit the ground at twice the distance from the building as if it were thrown from 5 floors up.

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True False

Q 28Q 28

A ball thrown upward at a given speed will reach the ground with the same speed as the initial speed, regardless of the angle at which it is thrown.

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True False

Q 29Q 29

One centrifuge has twice the diameter of a second one, and half its number of revolutions per minute. Particles in suspension in the two centrifuges will feel the same centripetal acceleration.

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True False

Q 30Q 30

A weight is swung on the end of a string in a horizontal plane, with a certain period of revolution. If the string is shortened to half its length, and the revolution period is kept the same, the centripetal acceleration of the weight is halved.

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True False

Q 31Q 31

Meissner's corpuscles, the mechanism for physiological detection of velocity in humans, detect how fast the body is moving with respect to its surroundings.

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True False

Q 32Q 32

The mechanism for physiological detection of acceleration of the body in humans is called Meissner's corpuscles.

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True False

Q 33Q 33

A student drew the coordinate system below to plot major points of interest on the university campus. (a) What are the coordinates of the classroom, the student centre, and the bus stop in this system?
(b) If the student set up a coordinate system with the origin in the classroom, what would then be the coordinates of the student centre and the bus stop?
(c) How would the distance between the student centre and the bus stop change with the change of a coordinate system?

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Essay

Q 34Q 34

A bird flies in a straight line at 50 km/hr for 2 minutes, and after taking off again flies in a straight line at 40 km/hr for 3 minutes before landing a second time. What are the maximum and minimum distances that the bird can be from its initial position after the second landing?

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Q 35Q 35

The figure below shows the velocity of an object as a function of time.
(a) What is the average velocity from the start to the end at 10 s?
(b) What is the displacement of an object from 2 s to 8 s?

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Q 36Q 36

The figure below shows the x-position of an object as a function of time.
(a) At which point does the object have the smallest non-zero speed?
(b) At which point does the object have the largest speed?
(c) At which point is the object at rest?
(d) At which point is the object moving to the left?

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Q 37Q 37

One athlete can accelerate to a maximum speed of 15 m/s in 2 s, but can maintain that speed for only 20 s. A second athlete reaches a maximum speed of 20 m/s in 2 s, but can maintain it for only 15 s. Which athlete runs the longer distance? Describe your reasoning.

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Q 38Q 38

One athlete can accelerate to a maximum speed of 15 m/s in 2 s, but can maintain that speed for only 20 s. A second athlete reaches a maximum speed of 20 m/s, but can maintain it for only 15 seconds. Which athlete will have run farther after 10 seconds?

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Q 39Q 39

If a car accelerates from a stationary starting position, what difference would it make to the velocity of the car to gradually increase the amount of acceleration to some maximum value, rather than maintain the acceleration at this maximum value from the beginning?

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Q 40Q 40

Compare the order of magnitude of the accelerations of a human being in a crowd where the average distance apart is 3 m and the speed of walking is 4 km/hr, to those of microscopic particles of the order of 5 ìm apart being jostled by their neighbours several hundreds of times every second.

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Q 41Q 41

If football is to be played on the Moon, describe the conditions that differ from those on Earth that you would need to take into consideration to design the playing field.

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Q 42Q 42

A ball is thrown parallel to the ground at a height of 1 m. Another ball is thrown at an angle of 45 degrees above the horizontal from ground level with the same speed. Which of these methods would result in the ball travelling further until its first bounce?

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Q 43Q 43

An athlete throws a putt at an angle of 30 degrees to the horizontal. A second athlete throws a putt at 45 degrees to the horizontal but at 95% of the initial speed of the first athlete. Which athlete threw the putt further?

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Q 44Q 44

If the centripetal acceleration of a body revolving around a centre of attraction increased when its distance from the centre decreased, describe in general terms the shape that the path of the body looked like.

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Q 45Q 45

Describe in general terms the advantages and disadvantages of building larger-diameter centrifuges spinning at a certain rate, as opposed to centrifuges of the same size but that spin faster.

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