Basis of Dentistry Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 10 :

The Lower Limb

Quiz 10 :

The Lower Limb

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In the knee, the condyles of the femur and tibia are partially separated by two fibrocartilaginous discs, the ___________________________________.
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D
Explanation: Medial and lateral menisci. The condyles of the femur and the tibia are partially separated by two interposing fibrocartilaginous discs, or menisci, the medial and lateral menisci. Each meniscus is C-shaped, and a transverse ligament joins their anterior margins.

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The talocrural joint is capable of which two movements?
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Explanation: Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. The talocrural (ankle) joint is capable of two movements. Dorsiflexion is the drawing up of the dorsum of the foot that allows the heel to strike the ground first. Plantarflexion is the opposite movement that points the foot downward. The intertarsal joint is capable of inversion and eversion of the ankle.

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All of the following muscles are involved in flexion of the hip except the __________.
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Explanation: Soleus. The iliacus and psoas muscles (together referred to as the iliopsoas muscle), the rectus femoris muscle, and the sartorius muscle all contribute to hip flexion. The soleus muscle is responsible for plantarflexion of the foot.

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The large bone of the thigh is the ___________________________.
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The weight-bearing bone of the leg is the _________________________.
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The _______ nerve, which is the largest nerve in the body, runs down the back of the thigh and then divides into two branches, the common fibular nerve and the tibial nerve.
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The sacral plexus is formed by the anterior primary rami of which spinal nerves?
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The ________ is a sesamoid bone embedded within the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle. Its anterior surface is roughened for the tendinous attachments to the quadriceps femoris muscle.
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Blood supply to the lower limb is provided through the _______ artery and its branches.
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The semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris, and posterior portion of the adductor magnus muscles are colloquially referred to as ____________________.
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