Basis of Dentistry Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 4 :

The Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum

Quiz 4 :

The Abdomen, Pelvis, and Perineum

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Innervation of the diaphragm is provided primarily by the _____ nerve.
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C
Explanation: Phrenic. The phrenic nerve is the motor and sensory supply to the diaphragm. The iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves supply the skin and musculature of the lower abdominal wall.

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The epiglottis, which prevents food from entering the airway, is located in the ________.
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E
Explanation: Pharynx. Within the pharynx the air channel divides anteriorly from the food tube behind, and food is prevented from entering the airway by the epiglottis.

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Which of the following comprise layers of the spermatic cord?
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D
Explanation: All of the above. The spermatic cord consists of five layers: (1) external spermatic fascia, (2) cremaster muscle, (3) internal spermatic fascia, (4) loose areolar tissue, and (5) remnants of the processus vaginalis.

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A large body cavity containing the major portion of the digestive tract and the viscera of the genitourinary system is the _______________.
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The main function of the diaphragm is ________________________.
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A double-layered fold of peritoneum that joins two viscera is ____________________________.
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The fibromuscular partition that separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity is the __________________________.
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Which vein carrying nutrients from the gut enters the liver and ends as a capillary bed?
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A double-layered fold of peritoneum that suspends some abdominal organs from the posterior body wall and allows some degree of movement in the gut is ______________.
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The liver is suspended from the diaphragm and the posterior body wall by the ___________.
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Which two veins unite at vertebral level L5 to form the inferior vena cava?
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The abdominal cavity is lined by a single layer of squamous cell mesothelium termed the ___________.
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Arterial blood supply to the stomach is derived primarily from the ____________ of the aorta.
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Camper's fascia and Scarpa's fascia are two layers of the ________ fascia of the abdominal wall.
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The three flat abdominal muscles exhibit broad tendons, or ____________.
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The levator ani muscles form the floor of the abdominopelvic cavity and the roof of the __________, the most inferior aspect of the trunk.
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The stomach is located in the _________ of the abdomen, with its proximal end immediately below the left dome of the diaphragm.
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At approximately age 16, the ilium, ischium, and pubis bones fuse together to form the _______________.
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The innermost of the three flat muscles in the abdomen that originates from the lumbodorsal fascia, iliac crest, inguinal ligament, and lower costal cartilages is the _________________.
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The duodenum is the first section of the ___________.
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