When one student who doubts his computer skills watches another student cope very well with the demands of a computer, the first student's efficacy expectation rises. The student's increased efficacy expectation was due to the influence of:
An ___expectation is a person's estimate of how likely it is that he or she can act in a particular way; whereas an ___expectation is a person's estimate of what will happen once the person carries out that behavior.
As one person watches a peer perform incompetently and verbalize distress, the observer comes to believe, "If she can't do it, what makes me think I can?"
The observer's self-efficacy belief has been affected by:
In the second phase of the Seligman and Maier (1967) experiment with dogs in the shuttle box, dogs in the ___condition(s) during phase 1 of the experiment were able to learn how to terminate the shock.
The following question represents which motivational construct: "If things start to go wrong during my performance, do I have the resources within me to cope successfully and turn things around for the better?