# Quiz 15: Project Management Online

Statistics

Q 1Q 1

Which of the following correctly describes the focus of the Critical Path Method (CPM)?
A) To order activities in a project in terms of their completion time to facilitate scheduling of the activities.
B) To determine when a project should be completed and to schedule when each activity in the project must begin in order to keep the project on schedule.
C) To estimate the probability of completing a project by a given deadline when the time required to perform the activity is essentially a random variable.
D) To structure the activities of a project in order to eliminate or reduce critical dependencies among the activities.

Free

Multiple Choice

B

Q 2Q 2

Which of the following correctly describes the focus of the Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)?
A) To order activities in a project in terms of their completion time to facilitate scheduling of the activities.
B) To determine when a project should be completed and to schedule when each activity in the project must begin in order to keep the project on schedule.
C) To estimate the probability of completing a project by a given deadline when the time required to perform the activity is essentially a random variable.
D) To structure the activities of a project in order to eliminate or reduce critical dependencies among the activities.

Free

Multiple Choice

C

Q 3Q 3

Which of the following definitions correctly defines the acronym, PERT?
A) Program Evaluation and Review Technique.
B) Process Evaluation and Review Technique.
C) Program Evaluation and Reduction Technique.
D) Program Explanation and Reduction Technique.

Free

Multiple Choice

A

Q 4Q 4

If we are employing Activity-On-Node (AON) network design, the arcs in the network diagram represent
A) significance relationships.
B) precedence relationships.
C) tasks to complete.
D) task times.

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

If we are employing Activity-On-Arc (AOA) network design, the arcs in the network diagram represent
A) significance relationships.
B) precedence relationships.
C) tasks to complete.
D) task times.

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

Activity-on-Arc (AOA) networks do not allow multiple arcs with common start and finish nodes. If this must be represented, how is an AOA network modified?
A) The network is redrawn into an Activity-on-Node network.
B) Connect the arcs to the node using an IFERROR() function.
C) Phantom (dummy) activity arcs are added.
D) Zero duration activity arcs are added.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

What are the immediate predecessors of activity D in this network?
A) A, B, C
B) B, C
C) E, F
D) E, G, H

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

What are the immediate successors of activity D in this network?
A) A, B, C
B) B, C
C) E, F
D) E

Free

Multiple Choice

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

There are various similarities between the CPM and PERT methods. Which of the following is not one of those similarities?
A) Any project can be broken down into component activities that require different amounts of time.
B) Any project can be broken down into component activities that must be accomplished in a specific order.
C) Both techniques use the same method to calculate the time element of the activities in the project.
D) Both require a detailed network of the project that clearly indicates each of the main activities and the precedence relationship among the activities.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

The longest path through a network is comprised of the ____ activities.
A) longest
B) essential
C) mandatory
D) critical

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Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

The critical path is the ____ path throughout the network.
A) longest
B) most expensive
C) shortest
D) least expensive

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

The term "time zero" identifies
A) the start time for each activity.
B) the start time for the project.
C) midnight on each work day.
D) days with not wasted effort.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

Which of the following is true regarding projects?
A) Projects can have a unique start activity and a unique finish activity.
B) Projects can have multiple start activities and a unique finish activity.
C) Projects can have multiple start and finish activities.
D) All of these are true regarding projects.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

What is the formula for the earliest finish time for activity i?
A) EFT

_{i}= EST_{i}+ t_{i}B) EFT_{i}= EFT_{j}+ t_{j}C) EFT_{i}= EFT_{i}_{}_{1}+ t_{i}D) EFT_{i}= EST_{i} t_{i}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

What is the earliest start time for activity D in the following diagram?
A) 3
B) 4
C) 6
D) 7

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

What is the latest finish time for activity D in the following diagram?
A) 6
B) 13
C) 14
D) 15

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

Non-critical activities are distinguished by the presence of
A) positive slack.
B) idle resources.
C) wasted time.
D) zero slack.

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

Critical activities are distinguished by the presence of
A) slack.
B) idle resources.
C) wasted time.
D) zero slack.

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Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

Slack for activity I is computed as
A) LFT

_{i } EST_{i}B) LST_{i } EST_{i}C) EST_{i } LST_{i}D) EFT_{i } LFT_{i}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

Which activities are critical in the following diagram?
A) A, C, D, F
B) B, D, E
C) A, C, D, E
D) A, B, D, E, F

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

Which activities have slack in the following diagram?
A) A, C, D, F
B) B, E
C) A, C, D, E
D) B, D, E

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

Slack represents the amount of time by which an activity can be delayed without delaying the entire project, assuming that
A) all successor activities start at their earliest start times.
B) all predecessor activities start at their earliest start times.
C) immediate predecessor activities start at their earliest start times.
D) all predecessor activities start at their latest start times.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

The purpose of the forward pass in the Critical Path Method (CPM) technique is to
A) review each of the precedence relationships in the activity network.
B) calculate the slack time within each node on the activity network.
C) determine the earliest time each activity can start and finish.
D) determine the latest time each activity can start and finish.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

The purpose of the backward pass in the Critical Path Method (CPM) technique is to
A) review each of the precedence relationships in the activity network.
B) calculate the slack time within each node on the activity network.
C) determine the earliest time each activity can start and finish.
D) determine the latest time each activity can start and finish.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

A strength of Gantt charts is that they
A) clearly portray precedence relationships.
B) model uncertainty in activity duration times.
C) provide a timeline-based, graphical view of when activities can begin and end.
D) clearly identifies the critical path.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

A weakness of Gantt charts is that they do not explicitly
A) indicate activity times.
B) show precedence relationships.
C) show activity start times.
D) show activity finish times.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

Exhibit 15.1
The following questions employ the AON network and partial spreadsheet below.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.1. What values are placed in cell C5 of the spreadsheet?
A) E, F
B) B
C) C
D) B, C

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

Exhibit 15.1
The following questions employ the AON network and partial spreadsheet below.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.1. What array formula is placed in cell E5 to calculate the Earliest Start Time?
A) E2 + D2
B) MAX(IF(ISERR(FIND($A$5:$A$17,C5)),0,$F$5:$F$17))
C) H2 D2
D) MIN(IF(ISNUMBER(FIND(A5,$C$2:$C$8)),$G$2:$G$8))

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

Exhibit 15.1
The following questions employ the AON network and partial spreadsheet below.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.1. What array formula is placed in cell H5 to calculate the Latest Finish Time?
A) E2 + D2
B) MAX(IF(ISNUMBER(FIND($A$2:$A$8,C5)),$F$2:$F$8))
C) H2 D2
D) MIN(IF(ISERR(FIND(A5,$C$5:$C$17)),MAX($F$5:$F$17),$G$5:$G$17))

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

Exhibit 15.2
The following questions employ the AON network and completed spreadsheet below.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.2. Which of the following activities is not on the critical path for the network?
A) Activity A
B) Activity C
C) Activity D
D) Activity G

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

Exhibit 15.2
The following questions employ the AON network and completed spreadsheet below.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.2. What formula is placed in cell G5 to calculate the Latest Start Time?
A) H5 G5
B) F5 G5
C) H5 D5
D) F5 D5

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

Shortening the activity completion time is called
A) expediting
B) speeding
C) accelerating
D) crashing

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

What formula should go in cell H3 of the following spreadsheet to compute Crash Cost Per Day?
A) =(C3-E3)/(F3-D3)
B) =(F3-D3)/(C3-E3)
C) =(F3)/(C3-E3)
D) =(F3-D3)/(E3)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

What formula should go in cell I5 of the following spreadsheet to compute Actual Time Between Starts?
A) =VLOOKUP(H5,$B$5:$D$11,3)-VLOOKUP(G5,$B$5:$D$11,3)
B) =VLOOKUP(H5,$B$5:$D$11,2)-VLOOKUP(G5,$B$5:$D$11,2)
C) =VLOOKUP(G5,$B$5:$D$11,3)-VLOOKUP(H5,$B$5:$D$11,3)
D) =VLOOKUP(H5,$B$5:$D$11,3)-VLOOKUP(G5,$B$5:$D$11,3)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

If the following project must be completed by day 18 at minimum cost how do we change the LP model?
A) Enter 18 in cell E14.
B) Add a constraint that E14 18.
C) Make cell E14 the target cell.
D) Add a constraint that E14 = 18.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

In a PERT network the time required to complete a path is a(n)
A) constant
B) random variable
C) Poisson distributed variable
D) exponentially distributed variable

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

One of PERT's bold assumptions is that
A) individual activity times are independent of each other.
B) individual activity times are dependent of each other.
C) individual activity times are constant.
D) individual activity times can be added together.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

The critical path in PERT analysis is the path with the
A) smallest variance.
B) longest expected completion time.
C) smallest number of tasks.
D) smallest variance and longest expected completion time.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

A company wants to use PERT to manage a project. They have developed the following spreadsheet for the problem. If The Risk Solver Platform (RSP) is used, what formula should go in cell F3 of the spreadsheet to compute the Activity Time when simulating a PERT analysis?
A) =IF(E3(C3-E3)/(D3-B3),D3-SQRT((D3-B3)*(D3-C3)*(1-E3)),B3+SQRT((D3-E3)*(C3-B3)*E3))
B) =IF(E3(D3-B3)/(C3-E3),B3+SQRT((D3-E3)*(C3-B3)*E3),D3-SQRT((D3-B3)*(D3-C3)*(1-E3)))
C) =IF(E3(C3-E3)/(D3-B3),B3-SQRT((D3-E3)*(C3-B3)*E3),D3+SQRT((D3-B3)*(D3-C3)*(1-E3)))
D) =PsiTriangular(B3,C3,D3)

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. Draw the CPM network for this problem. Use AON notation.

Free

Essay

Q 42Q 42

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. Manually determine the earliest and latest start and finish times for each activity and the amount of slack for each activity. What is the critical path for the project and how long should it take to complete it?

Free

Essay

Q 43Q 43

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. Identify each path through the network and its expected length.

Free

Essay

Q 44Q 44

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. What formulas should go into cells E2:E8 to calculate Earliest Start Times?

Free

Essay

Q 45Q 45

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. What formulas should go into cells H2:H8 to calculate Latest Finish Times?

Free

Essay

Q 46Q 46

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. What formulas should go into cells F2:F8 to calculate Earliest Finish Times, G2:G8 to calculate Latest Start Times, and cells I2:I8 to calculate the Slack?

Free

Essay

Q 47Q 47

Exhibit 15.3
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.3. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. Based on the data in the spreadsheet, which activities are on the critical path?

Free

Short Answer

Q 48Q 48

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. Draw the CPM network for this problem. Use AON notation.

Free

Essay

Q 49Q 49

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. Manually determine the earliest and latest start and finish times for each activity and the amount of slack for each activity. What is the critical path for the project and how long should it take to complete it?

Free

Essay

Q 50Q 50

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. Identify each path through the network and its expected length.

Free

Essay

Q 51Q 51

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. What formulas should go into cells E2:E8 to calculate Earliest Start Times?

Free

Essay

Q 52Q 52

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. What formulas should go into cells H2:H8 to calculate Latest Finish Times?

Free

Essay

Q 53Q 53

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. What formulas should go into cells F2:F8 to calculate Earliest Finish Times, G2:G8 to calculate Latest Start Times, and cells I2:I8 to calculate the Slack?

Free

Essay

Q 54Q 54

Exhibit 15.4
The following questions are based on the information below.
A company needs to manage a project which consists of the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.4. The following spreadsheet was developed to determine the earliest start times and latest start times for the project. Based on the data in the spreadsheet, which activities are on the critical path?

Free

Essay

Q 55Q 55

Exhibit 15.5
The following questions use the information below.
A company wants to crash a project and reduce the time required to complete it. They have developed the following table of activity costs and times and a spreadsheet to compute starting time for each activity.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.5. What formula should go in cell H3 of the Costs spreadsheet to compute Crash Cost Per Day?

Free

Short Answer

Q 56Q 56

Exhibit 15.5
The following questions use the information below.
A company wants to crash a project and reduce the time required to complete it. They have developed the following table of activity costs and times and a spreadsheet to compute starting time for each activity.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.5. What formula should go in cell I5 of the Model spreadsheet to compute Actual Time Between Starts?

Free

Essay

Q 57Q 57

Exhibit 15.5
The following questions use the information below.
A company wants to crash a project and reduce the time required to complete it. They have developed the following table of activity costs and times and a spreadsheet to compute starting time for each activity.
-Refer to Exhibit 15.5. If the following project must be completed by day 18 at minimum cost how do we change the LP model?

Free

Essay

Q 58Q 58

A company wants to use PERT to manage a project. They have developed the following spreadsheet for the problem. What formula should go in cell F3 of the spreadsheet to compute the Activity Time when simulating a PERT analysis?

Free

Essay

Q 59Q 59

Exhibit 15.6
The following questions use the information below.
Consider the CPM network for the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.6. Is it necessary to draw an arc from the node for activity A to the node for activity C?

Free

Essay

Q 60Q 60

Exhibit 15.6
The following questions use the information below.
Consider the CPM network for the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.6. Is it necessary to draw an arc from the node for activity F to the node for activity I?

Free

Essay

Q 61Q 61

Exhibit 15.6
The following questions use the information below.
Consider the CPM network for the following set of activities:
-Refer to Exhibit 15.6. Modify the table above by completing the following table. For column 3, list only the immediate predecessors for each activity.

Free

Essay