# Quiz 13: Testing for Significance in Multiple Groups: the Analysis of Variance Statistic

Criminal Justice

Q 1Q 1

The analysis of variance is designed for which level of measurement?
A)nominal
B)ordinal
C)interval
D)ratio

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Multiple Choice

C

Q 2Q 2

How many groups can be used in the analysis of variance?
A)4
B)as many as you want
C)only 2
D)between 3 and 15

Free

Multiple Choice

B

Q 3Q 3

If data are not normally distributed,which of the two inferential tests below should not be used?
A)Chi-square and t-test
B)Chi-square and analysis of variance
C)T-test and analysis of variance
D)All of the tests can be used,a normal distribution is not required for any of them.

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Multiple Choice

C

Q 4Q 4

Which reason below best answers why a two-tailed hypothesis should be used with an analysis of variance.
A)the probability levels for ANOVA do not easily divide by 2 as in other tests
B)the dependent variable in an ANOVA is nominal level
C)the normal distribution assumption is not used,so a one-tailed curve does not exist
D)it is too difficult to make predictions for multiple group comparisons in a single statement

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

An independent variable with 6 values (groups)can be used with a the t-test,but you would have to make several ?t-tests.Of the various problems below,which is the one reflected by making multiple t-tests?
A)you would have an experiment-wise error rate problem
B)the groups would present a normal-distribution problem
C)there is no way to choose correctly which t-test you should use
D)there is no problem with making multiple t-tests as long as you meet other assumptions

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

The concept of "error" is expressed in the ANOVA by
A)the total mean sums
B)the between sums of squares
C)the within sums of squares
D)the between mean squares

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Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

One of the assumptions of the Analysis of Variance test is homogeneity of variances.If the data violate this assumption they are referred to as:
A)nonhomogenic
B)heteroscedastic
C)homoscedastic
D)lacking variation

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Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

The effect of an independent variable in the ANOVA is found
A)in the degrees of freedom used to create the F-ratio value
B)in the product of the between mean squares divided by the within mean squares
C)in the product of the between sums of squares divided by the within sums of squares
D)you can't find this affect in ANOVA,you have to use a multiple comparison test

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

The best approach,of those listed below,to determining differences between individual groups is to use
A)the analysis of variance test
B)the Bonferroni test
C)the t-test
D)the Mann-Whitney U test

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Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

A reasonable alternative to the ANOVA statistic is the
A)Chi-square test
B)Kruskal-Wallis H test
C)Mann-Whitney U test
D)Fisher's Exact test

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Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

If you are doing 20 two-at-a-time t-tests,you would expect 1 test result to be the result of error.

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True False

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True False

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True False

Q 14Q 14

A determination of which groups,if any,are significantly different from each other cannot be done with the analysis of variance test.

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True False

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True False

Q 16Q 16

If an analysis of variance is significant,you should use a multiple comparison test to locate groups with significantly different comparisons.

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True False

Q 17Q 17

If there are multiple violations of the assumptions of ANOVA,it doesn't really make a difference because ANOVA is very robust to these violations.

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True False

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True False

Q 19Q 19

Multiple comparison tests compare only the highest and lowest group values.All others have to be estimated using.

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True False

Q 20Q 20

The analysis of variance is part of the nonlinear specific model,a family of statistical techniques.

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True False