Quiz 12: The Urinary and Male Reproductive Systems Urology
C Explanation: The root glomerul/o (from the Latin word meaning little ball) refers to the glomerulus, the cluster of small blood vessels inside the kidney that serve as the primary place for filtering the blood to form urine. The basic working unit of the kidney is called the nephron.
B Explanation: The bladder is a large holding bag for urine. Pyel/o is a root that means "pelvis" and is used most commonly for the renal pelvis, the holding area for waste within the kidneys, but can also apply to the skeletal pelvis (a bone).
E Explanation: The root ureter refers to the ureter, the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.