Many individuals who have intellectual disabilities also have speech and language disorders,and so intellectual disability is considered to this kind of cause of the related speech or language disorder:
Benjamin is a high school student who is unable to communicate verbally.Benjamin was diagnosed with apraxia after suffering brain damage during birth.To communicate his needs Benjamin uses a communication board.This is an example of:
Tommy has difficulty with syntactically complete sentences when speaking or writing.He avoids writing tasks and is sometimes teased about his speech.What can you do to help Tommy with his syntax during classroom activities?
In what ways have the interventions for children with speech and language disorders changed from the beginning of the twentieth century to today? How did the passage of P.L.94-142 influence the interventions of speech and language services currently being practiced?
Why is speaking with parents from diverse groups about students' speech and language needs challenging? What other challenges might occur in dealing with parents from diverse groups of students with speech and language disorders?