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Essentials of Sociology Study Set 5

Sociology

Quiz 2 :

Culture and Society

Quiz 2 :

Culture and Society

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According to the textbook,the sociological study of culture began with which theorist?
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C

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Laura attends a prestigious university on a full scholarship.Most of her classmates come from upper-class backgrounds.Her own family has trouble making ends meet,and they encourage her to do well in school.They believe that if she works hard,she will be able to escape poverty and achieve the same economic stability as that of her fellow classmates.This belief in the merit of individual achievement is an example of
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C

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An American begins to take an interest in the culture of India and starts wearing saris and bindis in public.Another American likes to wear elaborate feathered headdresses to music festivals.These individuals are engaging in what social scientists call
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A

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_______ occur(s)when members of one cultural group borrow elements of another group's culture.
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Writing was first used for what purpose?
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Johann is from the United Kingdom.He sees that women in Afghanistan are often expected to wear head scarves,but women in the United Kingdom are not.He concludes,then,that women in Afghanistan would be freer if their culture were more like that of the United Kingdom.How might sociologists likely critique Johann's position?
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______ refer(s)to the physical objects that individuals in society create.These objects,in turn,influence how we live.
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Karl notes that in all human societies,people use symbols to communicate ideas to one another.Karl is taking note of
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Many languages may have an equivalent to the color yellow,but an object that may be classified as yellow in one language may not be described so in another.This is an example of
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Anthropological linguist Edward Sapir and his student Benjamin Lee Whorf argued that the language we use influences our perceptions of the world.This is known as
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Carolina studies mainstream American culture.One of her colleagues notices that she consistently ignores material objects,such as food,clothing,and art.Why might her studies be criticized?
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______ refer(s)to abstract ideals in a given society.
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If the language of a highly individualistic society contains many words and phrases about personal success and individual achievement that someone from a more communal society has difficulty fully understanding,this is an example of
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______ is one of the best examples for demonstrating both the unity and the diversity of human culture,because there are no cultures without it.
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Danny studies winks,waves,language,smiles,frowns,laughs,and any other kind of symbolic communication.What is he researching?
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Which of the following is an example of the linguistic relativity hypothesis?
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Candace is doing a comparative study to compare different societies' expectations of how husbands should treat their in-laws.Candace will be analyzing
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Pablo studies clothing choices in subcultural groups.He is investigating
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_______ are widely agreed-upon principles or rules people are expected to observe;they represent the dos and don'ts of social life.
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When Yale administrators cautioned students to be thoughtful and sensitive in their choice of Halloween costume,their concern was that cultural elements used in some costumes can reduce cultural groups to demeaning stereotypes.This concern is about the issue of
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