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Essentials of Sociology Study Set 5

Sociology

Quiz 15 :

Urbanization, population, and the Environment

Quiz 15 :

Urbanization, population, and the Environment

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According to the ecological approach,the development of urban areas can be understood as similar to
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B

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According to sociologists who use _____,cities tend to develop in response to advantageous features of the environment.For example,cities develop on the shores of rivers,on fertile plains,and at intersections on trade routes.
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A

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Most of the people leaving rural areas represent
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C

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The Chicago School focused on cities as ______;however,most contemporary theory and research in urban sociology focus on cities as ______.
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Several distinct central cities and counties,including Los Angeles,Orange County,Riverside,and San Bernardino,merge together to form the Greater Los Angeles Area,creating a continuous network known as
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Sandra lives in the heart of a large city.Lately,there have been robberies on several streets near her home,but none on her street.Sandra and her neighbors believe that they have not seen any crime on their street because they know each other,notice when strangers or strange cars are in the neighborhood,and have a mix of old retired couples and young families who use the neighborhood at different times of the day.Jane Jacobs would see this as an example of
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Rural areas in the United States have seen their populations decline because of
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Manuel Castells emphasized ______,such as the gay community in San Francisco,as an important factor in urban development.
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In most ancient cities,
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Sociologists refer to a "city of all cities" as
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When Jorge first moved to Chicago from his small,rural town in California,he found it hard to meet new people.Back home in his small town,people often said hello to each other on the street,and he knew the names of most of the people who lived there.However,in Chicago people rarely made eye contact with him on the street.According to Louis Wirth,Jorge was experiencing
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According to Claude Fischer,how do cities create opportunities for close,rewarding friendships and social ties?
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Ancient cities were considered the main centers for science,the arts,and cosmopolitan culture.Their influence on surrounding areas was
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According to David Harvey and Manuel Castells,the most important factors that affect cities are
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In recent years,both China and India have seen rapid economic growth and urbanization as their populations have grown larger.While these changes have helped many citizens reach middle-class status,the textbook outlines one significant area negatively associated with this expansion
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Britain was the first country to undergo industrialization,which generated ______,the movement of population from the countryside into towns and cities.
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In the time since Jacobs published her study describing the "eyes and ears upon the street," the appearance and composition of many urban neighborhoods have changed significantly.Modern neighborhoods are more likely to be made up of residents from different cultural backgrounds,have more signs of economic inequalities present,and demonstrate extremely varying personal behaviors.How do these changes affect Jacobs's concept?
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According to Jane Jacobs,what circumstance would be most "safe" for city dwellers?
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The Urban Ecology approach to urbanization emphasizes the _____ of different city areas,with more dominant and influential groups occupying central areas of cities.
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According to David Harvey,cities as well as suburbs can be understood as _____ humans established to serve their needs.
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