Criminal Justice in Canada Study Set 1

Criminal Justice

Quiz 10 :
Sentences and Dispositions

Quiz 10 :
Sentences and Dispositions

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Which of the following is NOT a rationale for punishment imposed by the courts?
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C

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What is deterrence?
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Answer:

B

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What type of deterrence involves punishing offenders in the hope that they are deterred from committing crimes in the future?
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Answer:

C

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What type of deterrence involves a sentence that is severe enough to stop other people from committing crimes?
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Estefania is thinking about committing an armed robbery but decides against it because her friend tells her how terrible a period of incarceration is. What type of deterrence has influenced Estefania not to commit a crime?
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What type of sentencing focuses upon incarcerating chronic offenders?
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What type of sentencing is an effective way to achieve crime prevention?
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According to Zedlewski (1987), what amount of savings would society see in terms of social costs for every $1 spent on incarcerating an offender?
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Which type of sentencing focuses upon the social and psychological problems of offenders?
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Which type of sentencing is predicated on reform in the future rather than on the criminal act?
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According to the justice model, what should sentences be based on?
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Which type of sentencing focuses upon the crime committed rather than any individual aspects of an offender?
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Which term refers to a process of negotiation and agreement between parties to a conflict?
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Matthew is a Black man who is being sentenced for a crime. Which model holds that extralegal factors such as Matthew's race should not be considered?
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Which model is not concerned with treatment success or reduction in the crime rate?
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Which model favours a sentencing approach with shorter periods of punishment?
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Which model involves a process of negotiation and agreement between parties to a conflict?
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Which of the following is NOT an option available to sentencing circles?
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What element of the restoration approach focuses upon criminal justice officials justifying their sentences?
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What element of the restoration approach focuses on placing the offenders in positions where they can experience community disapproval?
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