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Social Psychology Study Set 19

Psychology

Quiz 11 :

Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help

Quiz 11 :

Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help

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Julianna likes to contribute to worthy charities because she can help others and, at the same time, get a tax deduction. Julianna is engaging in __________.
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Answer:

D

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Jonah was driving his car on the road when he saw a man fall through the ice on a nearby pond. He stopped his car and crawled on his stomach on the ice out to the man who had fallen through. He helped save the man from the icy water. This is considered __________.
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Answer:

C

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Whereas __________ is any act performed to benefit another, __________ is such an act performed with no regard for one's safety or interests.
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Answer:

C

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__________ refers to any act that someone performs in order to benefit another person.
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Recall that the introduction to Chapter 11 (Prosocial Behavior) began with a description of several of the citizen-heroes of September 11, 2001-for example William Wik, who refused to flee to personal safety because there were still people to be rescued. He died when a tower collapsed. Wik was willing to sacrifice his own life to save others, and his behavior could thus best be described as __________.
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Prosocial behavior is to __________ as altruism is to __________.
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According to evolutionary theory (Darwin, 1859), natural selection favors genes that promote __________.
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__________ refers to the desire to help another person, even if such help involves cost to the helper.
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According to evolutionary theory (Darwin, 1859), genes that lower our chances of survival are __________.
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Which of the following does NOT represent prosocial behavior?
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Recall that the introduction to Chapter 11 describes several of the citizen-heroes of September 11, 2001. The text identifies these people as __________.
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Which of the following does NOT represent altruistic behavior?
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Allen volunteers to visit the homes of AIDS patients because those visits help him forget about his own problems. This is an example of __________ behavior.
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Charles Darwin, an evolutionary theorist, found it difficult to explain altruism. From an evolutionary perspective, it would initially seem that over centuries and generations, altruistic behaviors would __________ because __________.
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Which of the following is the best example of altruistic behavior?
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Marla has revised her will to ensure that upon her death, all of her functioning organs (corneas, liver, kidneys, heart, and so on) will be used to help transplant patients. She's told no one about her actions, and expects nothing in return. This is an example of __________ behavior.
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Prosocial behavior is __________.
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Evolutionary psychology is the study of __________.
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When Jochem saw the child fall through the ice at the lake, he never hesitated and immediately dove in to save the child. This is an example of __________ behavior.
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According to evolutionary theory (Darwin, 1859), natural selection favors genes that promote individual survival. This tenet is most troublesome in explaining __________.
Multiple Choice
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