Identify the type of objective test item that is most appropriate for measuring the following specific learning outcome: "Select the best reason for a specific action from a given list of alternatives."
Starch and Elliot's classic 1912 experiments dealing with the extent of teachers' personal values and biases in scoring essay tests demonstrated what measurement issue that still plagues essay scoring today?
At the beginning of the semester, Mr. Rumstead gave a formative test for the purposes of setting objectives. At the end of the course he gave the same test to determine grades. The second time this test was given, it was used as what type of test?