# Quiz 40: One-Dimensional Quantum Mechanics

Physics & Astronomy

32

All Questions

26

Multiple Choice

2

True False

3

Essay

1

Short Answer

0

Not Answered

Q 1

The smallest kinetic energy that an electron in a box (an infinite well) can have is zero.

Free

True False

False

Q 2

If an atom in a crystal is acted upon by a restoring force that is directly proportional to the distance of the atom from its equilibrium position in the crystal, then it is impossible for the atom to have zero kinetic energy.

Free

True False

True

Q 3

A particle is confined to a one-dimensional box (an infinite well) on the x-axis between x = 0 and x = L. The potential height of the walls of the box is infinite. The normalized wave function of the particle, which is in the ground state, is given by ψ(x) = sin
, with 0 ≤ x ≤ L. What is the probability of finding the particle between x = 0 and x = L/3?
A) 0.20
B) 0.22
C) 0.24
D) 0.26
E) 0.28

Free

Multiple Choice

A

Q 4

A particle is confined to a one-dimensional box (an infinite well) on the x-axis between x = 0 and x = L. The potential height of the walls of the box is infinite. The normalized wave function of the particle, which is in the ground state, is given by ψ(x) = sin
, with 0 ≤ x ≤ L. What is the maximum probability per unit length of finding the particle?
A) 1/
B)
C) 2/
D) 1/L
E) 2/L

Multiple Choice

Q 5

An electron is in an infinite square well (a box) that is 8.9 nm wide. What is the ground state energy of the electron? (h = 6.626 × 10

^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}) A) 0.0048 eV B) 0.0057 eV C) 0.0066 eV D) 0.0076 eV E) 0.0085 eV Multiple Choice

Q 6

An electron is in an infinite square well (a box) that is 2.0 nm wide. The electron makes a transition from the n = 8 to the n = 7 state, what is the wavelength of the emitted photon?(h = 6.626 × 10

^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}) A) 880 nm B) 750 nm C) 610 nm D) 1000 nm E) 1100 nm Multiple Choice

Q 7

An electron is in an infinite square well that is 2.6 nm wide. What is the smallest value of the state quantum number n for which the energy level exceeds 100 eV? (h = 6.626 × 10

^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}) A) 43 B) 44 C) 45 D) 42 E) 41 Multiple Choice

Q 8

An electron is bound in an infinite square-well potential (a box) on the x-axis. The width of the well is L and the well extends from x = 0.00 nm to In its present state, the normalized wave function of the electron is given by: ψ(x) =

_{ }_{ }Sin (2πx/L). What is the energy of the electron in this state?(h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}) A) 0.10 eV B) 0.052 eV C) 0.13 eV D) 0.078 eV E) 0.026 eV Multiple Choice

Q 9

An electron is in the ground state of an infinite well (a box) where its energy is 5.00 eV. In the next higher level, what would its energy be? (1 eV = 1.60 × 10

^{-19}J) A) 1.25 eV B) 2.50 eV C) 10.0 eV D) 15.0 eV E) 20.0 eV Multiple Choice

Q 10

The lowest energy level of a particle confined to a one-dimensional region of space (a box, or infinite well) with fixed length L is E

_{0}. If an identical particle is confined to a similar region with fixed length L/6, what is the energy of the lowest energy level that the particles have in common? Express your answer in terms of E_{0}. Essay

Q 11

An electron is bound in an infinite well (a box) of width 0.10 nm. If the electron is initially in the n = 8 state and falls to the n = 7 state, find the wavelength of the emitted photon. (c = 3.00 × 10

^{8}m/s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) Short Answer

Q 12

An electron in an infinite potential well (a box) makes a transition from the n = 3 level to the ground state and in so doing emits a photon of wavelength 20.9 nm. (c = 3.00 × 10

^{8}m/s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-3}^{4}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) (a) What is the width of this well? (b) What wavelength photon would be required to excite the electron from its original level to the next higher one? Essay

Q 13

You want to confine an electron in a box (an infinite well) so that its ground state energy is 5.0 × 10

^{-18}J. What should be the length of the box? (h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) A) 0.11 nm B) 0.22 nm C) 0.15 nm D) 0.18 nm Multiple Choice

Q 14

A 10.0-g bouncy ball is confined in a 8.3-cm-long box (an infinite well). If we model the ball as a point particle, what is the minimum kinetic energy of the ball? (h = 6.626 × 10

^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 8.0 × 10^{-64}J B) 3.2 × 10^{-46}J C) 1.3 × 10^{-20}J D) zero Multiple Choice

Q 15

You want to have an electron in an energy level where its speed is no more than 66 m/s. What is the length of the smallest box (an infinite well) in which you can do this? (h = 6.626 × 10

^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) A) 5.5 µm B) 11 µm C) 2.8 µm D) 1.4 µm Multiple Choice

Q 16

An electron is confined in a one-dimensional box (an infinite well). Two adjacent allowed energies of the electron are 1.068 × 10

^{-18}J and 1.352 × 10^{-18}J. What is the length of the box? (h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) A) 1.9 nm B) 0.93 nm C) 1.1 nm D) 2.3 nm Multiple Choice

Q 17

An electron is trapped in an infinite square well (a box) of width 6.88 nm. Find the wavelength of photons emitted when the electron drops from the n = 5 state to the n = 1 state in this system. (c = 3.00 × 10

^{8}m/s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) A) 6.49 μm B) 5.45 μm C) 5.91 μm D) 7.07 μm Multiple Choice

Q 18

One fairly crude method of determining the size of a molecule is to treat the molecule as an infinite square well (a box) with an electron trapped inside, and to measure the wavelengths of emitted photons. If the photon emitted during the n = 2 to n = 1 transition has wavelength 1940 nm, what is the width of the molecule? (c = 3.00 × 10

^{8}m/s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) A) 1.33 nm B) 1.12 nm C) 1.21 nm D) 1.45 nm Multiple Choice

Q 19

The wave function of an electron in a rigid box (infinite well) is shown in the figure. If the electron energy 98.0 eV, what is the energy of the electron's ground state?( m

_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg) A) 6.13 eV B) 3.92 eV C) 10.9 eV D) 24.5 eV Multiple Choice

Q 20

A particle confined in a rigid one-dimensional box (an infinite well) of length 17.0 fm has an energy level E

_{n}= 2.0 MeV and an adjacent energy level E_{n}_{+1}= 37.5 MeV. What is the value of the ground state energy? (1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J) A) 1.50 MeV B) 13.5 MeV C) 0.500 MeV D) 4.50 MeV Multiple Choice

Q 21

An electron with kinetic energy 2.80 eV encounters a potential barrier of height 4.70 eV. If the barrier width is 0.40 nm, what is the probability that the electron will tunnel through the barrier?
(1 eV = 1.60 × 10

^{-19}J, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 3.5 × 10^{-3}B) 7.3 × 10^{-3}C) 1.4 × 10^{-2}D) 2.9 × 10^{-3}E) 3.5 × 10^{-2} Multiple Choice

Q 22

A 3.10-eV electron is incident on a 0.40-nm barrier that is 5.67 eV high. What is the probability that this electron will tunnel through the barrier? (1 eV = 1.60 × 10

^{-19}J, m_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, H = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 1.4 × 10^{-3}B) 9.0 × 10^{-4}C) 1.0 × 10^{-3}D) 1.5 × 10^{-3}E) 1.2 × 10^{-3} Multiple Choice

Q 23

The energy of a proton is 1.0 MeV below the top of a 6.8-fm-wide energy barrier. What is the probability that the proton will tunnel through the barrier? (1 eV = 1.60 × 10

^{-19}J, m_{proton}= 1.67 × 10^{-27}kg, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 0.051 B) 0.048 C) 0.056 D) 0.053 Multiple Choice

Q 24

An 80-eV electron impinges upon a potential barrier 100 eV high and 0.20 nm thick. What is the probability the electron will tunnel through the barrier? (1 eV = 1.60 × 10

^{-19}J, m_{proton}= 1.67 × 10^{-27}kg, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 0.011% B) 1.1% C) 0.11% D) 1.1 × 10^{-4}% E) 7.7 × 10^{-10}% Multiple Choice

Q 25

A lithium atom, mass 1.17 × 10

^{-26}kg, vibrates with simple harmonic motion in a crystal lattice, where the effective force constant of the forces on the atom is k = (c = 3.00 × 10^{8}m/s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J) (a) What is the ground state energy of this system, in eV? (b) What is the wavelength of the photon that could excite this system from the ground state to the first excited state? Essay

Q 26

The atoms in a nickel crystal vibrate as harmonic oscillators with an angular frequency of 2.3 × 10

^{13 }rad/s. The mass of a nickel atom is 9.75 × 10^{-26}kg. What is the difference in energy between adjacent vibrational energy levels of nickel? (h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J) A) 0.015 eV B) 0.019 eV C) 0.023 eV D) 0.027 eV E) 0.031 eV Multiple Choice

Q 27

The lowest energy level of a certain quantum harmonic oscillator is 5.00 eV. What is the energy of the next higher level?
A) 7.50 eV
B) 10.0 eV
C) 15.0 eV
D) 20.0 eV
E) 50.0 eV

Multiple Choice

Q 28

Calculate the ground state energy of a harmonic oscillator with a classical frequency of 3.68 × 10

^{15}Hz. (1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 7.62 eV B) 15.2 eV C) 11.4 eV D) 5.71 eV Multiple Choice

Q 29

The energy of a particle in the second EXCITED state of a harmonic oscillator potential is What is the classical angular frequency of oscillation of this particle? (1 eV = 1.60 × 10

^{-19}J, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 3.31 × 10^{15}rad/s B) 2.08 × 10^{16}rad/s C) 4.96 × 10^{15}rad/s D) 6.95 × 10^{15}rad/s Multiple Choice

Q 30

Find the wavelength of the photon emitted during the transition from the second EXCITED state to the ground state in a harmonic oscillator with a classical frequency of 3.72 × 10

^{13}Hz. (c = 3.00 × 10^{8}m/s, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 4.03 μm B) 2.26 μm C) 2.98 μm D) 5.24 μm Multiple Choice

Q 31

An electron is confined in a harmonic oscillator potential well. A photon is emitted when the electron undergoes a 3→1 quantum jump. What is the wavelength of the emission if the net force on the electron behaves as though it has a spring constant of 9.6 N/m? (m

_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, c = 3.00 × 10^{8}m/s, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 290 nm B) 150 nm C) 190 nm D) 580 nm Multiple Choice

Q 32

An electron is confined in a harmonic oscillator potential well. What is the longest wavelength of light that the electron can absorb if the net force on the electron behaves as though it has a spring constant of 74 N/m? (m

_{el}= 9.11 × 10^{-31}kg, c = 3.00 × 10^{8}m/s, 1 eV = 1.60 × 10^{-19}J, h = 1.055 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s, h = 6.626 × 10^{-34}J ∙ s) A) 210 nm B) 200 nm C) 220 nm D) 230 nm Multiple Choice