For the Ndembu,illness or disease may be caused by the actions of a witch or sorcerer,or by the disciplinary action of an ancestral ghost.What reason could be given for why a ghost ancestor would punish someone?
As an alternative to aggressive and environmentally damaging single crop farming practices,Ronald Nigh suggests a new approach that incorporates indigenous farming techniques.What is the name of the approach he uses?
Many anthropologists have suggested that the life of a nomadic forager was not as hard and dangerous as many suppose.Some anthropologists,such as Marshall Sahlins,have gone so far as to suggest that foraging represented "the original affluent society."
The wealth of the United States early in its history came as a result of white farmers using land claimed from displaced Native Americans,and worked by slave labour,to produce cotton for the textile industries of England and the United States.
Development projects,which helped foraging groups adopt modern agricultural practices and Western ways of living,have successfully preserved indigenous cultures while also reducing environmental damage in the focus regions.