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Essentials of Physical Anthropology Study Set 1

Anthropology

Quiz 2 :

The Development of Evolutionary Theory

Quiz 2 :

The Development of Evolutionary Theory

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_________________was the opponent of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and the proposer of the view that the earth's geological landscape is the result of violent cataclysmic events.
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E

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___________________wrote the highly praised Principles of Geology in which was emphasized the principle of uniformitarianism.
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B

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__________________first recognized that species were groups of organisms that were distinguished from other such groups by their ability to mate with one another and produce fertile offspring.
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A

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What is the view that the extinction and the subsequent appearance of more modern forms could be explained by a series of disasters and creations?
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Charles Darwin was not the only one to conceive of natural selection. Who published an article suggesting current species were descended from other species?
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Several events had combined to alter Western Europeans' ideas about the earth by the 18th century. These did not include
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What is the belief that species do not change but are the same as when first created known as?
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By the 17th century, some scientists were beginning to break with long-held traditions and sought to investigate _______.
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Who coined the term "biology"?
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The discovery of evolutionary principles first took place in western Europe, made possible by
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Thomas Malthus did not
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__________________ proposed that population size increases at a faster rate than food supplies.
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In Europe during the Middle Ages, it was believed that
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Who was the first to recognize the role of the environment as a significant factor in evolutionary change?
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Who was the first to actually attempt to explain the mechanism by which species change?
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Carolus Linnaeus
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_________ was an 18th century thinker who believed that living forms changed in response to the environment yet still rejected the idea that one species could give rise to another.
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What is the term for the theory stating that characteristics acquired during the lifetime of an individual could be passed on to that individual's offspring?
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Growing attacks on traditional beliefs resulted with growing awareness of biological diversity. _________challenged a notion proposed by Aristotle to account for the movement of the sun and planets.
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_____________________refined the existing system of classifying biological organisms into a binomial system.
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