# Quiz 8: Managing Interest Rate Risk: Economic Value of Equity

Business

Q 1Q 1

EVE analysis: is essentially a _____________ analysis.
A)profitability
B)quality
C)liquidity
D)liquidation
E)earnings

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Multiple Choice

D

Q 2Q 2

Duration gap analysis:
A)applies he the concept of duration to the bank's entire balance sheet.
B)applies he the concept of duration to the bank's entire income statement.
C)applies he the concept of duration to the bank's retained earnings.
D)indicates the difference in the GAP in the time it takes to collect on loan payments versus the time to attract deposits.
E)estimates when embedded options will be exercised.

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Multiple Choice

A

Q 3Q 3

Macaulay's duration:
A)is a weighted average of the time until cash flows are received.
B)is always greater than maturity.
C)is never equal to maturity.
D)directly indicates how much the price of a security will change given a change in interest rates.
E)estimates when embedded options will be used.

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Multiple Choice

A

Q 4Q 4

Modified duration:
A)estimates when embedded options will be used.
B)directly indicates how much the price of a security will change given a change in interest rates.
C)is always greater than maturity.
D)All of the above
E)a.and b.

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

Effective duration:
A)estimates when embedded options will be used.
B)directly indicates how much the price of a security will change given a change in interest rates.
C)is always greater than maturity.
D)is a weighted average of the time until cash flows are received.
E)All of the above

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

A bond has a Macaulay's duration of 10.7 years.If rates fall from 7% to 6%, the bonds price will:
A)increase by approximately 1%.
B)decrease by approximately 1%.
C)increase by approximately 10%.
D)decrease by approximately 10%.
E)Not enough information is given to answer the question.

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Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

A bond has a Macaulay's duration of 21 years.If rates rise from 5% to 5.5%, the bonds price will:
A)increase by approximately 1%.
B)decrease by approximately 1%.
C)increase by approximately 10%.
D)decrease by approximately 10%.
E)Not enough information is given to answer the question.

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Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

A bond has a Macaulay's duration of 26.56 years.If rates rise from 6.25% to 6.50%, the bonds price will:
A)increase by approximately 6.25%.
B)decrease by approximately 6.25%.
C)increase by approximately 6.50%.
D)decrease by approximately 6.50%.
E)Not enough information is given to answer the question.

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

A 20-year zero coupon bond with a face value of $1,000 is currently selling for $214.55.Using the bond's modified duration, what is the approximate change in the price of the bond if interest rates rise by 25 basis points?
A)-49.63%
B)-46.39%
C)-4.96%
D)-4.63%
E)Not enough information is given to answer the question.

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Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

A 30-year zero coupon bond with a face value of $10,000 is currently selling for $2,313.77.Using the bond's modified duration, what is the approximate change in the price of the bond if interest rates rise by 15 basis points?
A)-15.00%
B)-4.29%
C)-0.43%
D)-0.15%
E)Not enough information is given to answer the question.

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Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

A 10-year annual coupon bond is currently selling for its par value of $1,000 with an annual yield of 5%.If the bond is callable at par, what is the effective duration of the bond, assuming rates change by 1%?
A)10 years
B)7.36 years
C)5.52 years
D)4.60 years
E)3.68 years

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Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

A 20-year annual coupon bond is currently selling for its par value of $10,000 with an annual yield of 7%.If the bond is callable at par, what is the effective duration of the bond, assuming rates change by 2%?
A)25.00 years
B)20.00 years
C)5.52 years
D)4.56 years
E)3.68 years

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Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

Which of the following is likely to have a negative effective duration?
A)A high coupon, interest only mortgage-backed security that is pre-paying at a high rate.
B)A low coupon U.S.Treasury bond.
C)Fed Funds purchased.
D)Demand deposits
E)None of the above can have a negative effective duration.

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Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

What does a bank's duration gap measure?
A)The duration of short-term buckets minus the duration of long-term buckets.
B)The duration of the bank's assets minus the duration of its liabilities.
C)The duration of all rate-sensitive assets minus the duration of rate-sensitive liabilities.
D)The duration of the bank's liabilities minus the duration of its assets.
E)The duration of all rate-sensitive liabilities minus the duration of rate-sensitive assets.

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Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

Which of the following allows a security's cash flows to change when interest rates change?
A)Modified duration
B)Macaulay's duration
C)Effective duration
D)Balance sheet duration
E)Income statement duration

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Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

Which of the following is true regarding duration gap analysis?
A)The magnitude of the duration gap is related to the amount of interest rate risk a bank is subject to.
B)Management can adjust the duration gap to speculate on future interest rate changes.
C)A positive duration gap means a bank's market value of equity will decrease with an increase in interest rates.
D)All of the above are true.
E)a.and c.

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Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

Which of the following would generally be considered price sensitive?
A)Fed funds purchased
B)Fed funds sold
C)Repurchase agreements
D)Demand deposits
E)A 20-year zero coupon bond

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Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

Put the following steps in duration gap analysis in the proper order.
A)III, I, IV, II
B)I, II, III, IV
C)III, IV, I, II
D)IV, I, II, III
E)II, IV, I, III

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

Which of the following is false regarding duration gap analysis?
A)Duration gap analysis does not classify assets as rate-sensitive.
B)Duration gap analysis indicates the potential change in a bank's net interest income.
C)Duration gap accounts for bank leverage.
D)Duration gap accounts for the present value of cash flows associated with all liabilities.
E)Duration gap analysis indicates the potential change in a bank's market value of equity.

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Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the weighted average duration of assets?
A)2.56 years
B)3.75 years
C)4.85 years
D)5.00 years
E)7.5 years

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Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the bank's duration gap?
A)0.53
B)0.73
C)0.91
D)2.03
E)4.58

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Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the bank's weighted average cost of liabilities?
A)$44
B)$76
C)$80
D)$94
E)$102

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Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the bank's expected economic net interest income?
A)$14.75
B)$32.25
C)$44.00
D)$76.25
E)$120.25

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Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

Use the following bank information for questions
-If interest rates rise 1% for all assets and liabilities, what is the approximate expected change in the economic value of equity?
A)-$2.56
B)$5.84
C)-$5.84
D)$6.85
E)-$6.85

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Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the weighted average duration of assets?
A)2.56 years
B)3.85 years
C)4.85 years
D)5.00 years
E)7.5 years

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Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the bank's duration gap?
A)0.53
B)0.73
C)0.91
D)1.88
E)4.58

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Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the bank's weighted average cost of liabilities?
A)$24.9
B)$34.5
C)$80.0
D)$94.3
E)$102.1

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Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

Use the following bank information for questions
-What is the bank's expected economic net interest income?
A)$34.5
B)$32.3
C)$39.5
D)$44.0
E)$120.5

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Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

Use the following bank information for questions
-If interest rates rise 1% for all assets and liabilities, what is the approximate expected change in the economic value of equity?
A)-$2.56
B)$5.84
C)-$5.84
D)$22.19
E)-$22.19

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Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

For a bank that has a negative duration gap, a decrease in interest rates will cause a(n) _______ in the economic value of assets, a(n) _______ in the economic value of liabilities, and a(n) _______ in the economic value of equity.
A)increase, decrease, increase
B)increase, increase, decrease
C)increase, increase, increase
D)decrease, decrease, increase
E)decrease, increase, decrease

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Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

For a bank that has a positive duration gap, a decrease in interest rates will cause a(n) _______ in the economic value of assets, a(n) _______ in the economic value of liabilities, and a(n) _______ in the economic value of equity.
A)increase, decrease, increase
B)increase, increase, decrease
C)increase, increase, increase
D)decrease, decrease, increase
E)decrease, increase, decrease

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Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

For a bank that has a negative duration gap, an increase in interest rates will cause a(n) _______ in the economic value of assets, a(n) _______ in the economic value of liabilities, and a(n) _______ in the economic value of equity.
A)increase, decrease, increase
B)increase, increase, decrease
C)increase, increase, increase
D)decrease, decrease, increase
E)decrease, increase, decrease

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Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

For a bank that has a positive duration gap, an increase in interest rates will cause a(n) _______ in the economic value of assets, a(n) _______ in the economic value of liabilities, and a(n) _______ in the economic value of equity.
A)increase, decrease, increase
B)increase, increase, decrease
C)increase, increase, increase
D)decrease, decrease, increase
E)decrease, decrease, decrease

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Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

To perfectly immunize a bank's economic value of equity from changes in interest rate risk, it should:
A)adjust assets and liabilities such that its duration gap is equal to one.
B)adjust assets and liabilities such that its duration gap is greater than zero.
C)adjust assets and liabilities such that its duration gap is equal to zero.
D)adjust assets and liabilities such that its GAP is equal to zero.
E)adjust assets and liabilities such that its GAP is less than one.

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Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

Which of the following will not affect a bank's duration estimate for the year?
A)Prepayments on loans that exceed expectations.
B)A 20-year corporate bond that is unexpectedly called in 6 months.
C)Certificates of deposit that are withdrawn early.
D)Holding a 30-year Treasury bond until maturity.
E)All of the above will affect a bank's estimated duration for the year.

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Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

What is the strength of static GAP analysis relative to duration gap analysis?
A)Static GAP analysis recognizes the time value of money of each cash flow.
B)Static GAP analysis provides a measure of the total portfolio's interest rate risk.
C)Static GAP analysis is easier to understand.
D)Static GAP analysis takes the long-run view while duration gap analysis takes a shorter-run view.
E)The static GAP measure directly correlates with the risk of the bank, i.e., a bank with twice the static GAP is twice as risky.

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Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

What are the weaknesses of using static GAP analysis versus duration gap analysis?
A)Static GAP ignores the time value of money.
B)Static GAP ignores the cumulative impact of interest rate changes on a bank's risk profile.
C)Static GAP does not proscribe the treatment of demand deposits.
D)All of the above are weaknesses of using static GAP analysis versus duration gap analysis.
E)a.and b.

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Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

Which of the following is not a weakness of duration gap analysis?
A)It is difficult to accurately compute duration.
B)Each future cash flow must be discounted by the appropriate future interest rate.
C)The duration of a portfolio must be constantly monitored.
D)It is difficult to estimate the duration on zero coupon bonds.
E)All of the above are weaknesses of duration gap analysis.

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Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

If the yield curve is inverted, a portfolio manager can take advantage of this by:
A)pricing more deposits on a fixed-rate basis.
B)buying more long-term securities
C)making variable-rate, callable loans.
D)increasing the number of rate-sensitive assets.
E)All of the above.

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Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

A liability sensitive bank decides to reduce risk by marketing 2-year CDs paying 5% instead of NOW accounts that pay 4%.The bank will benefit if:
A)the 2-year rate in one year is less than 5%.
B)the 1-year rate in one year is less than 6%.
C)the 1-year rate in one year is greater than 6%.
D)the 2-year rate in one year is greater than 6%.
E)Not enough information is given to determine the correct answer.

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Multiple Choice

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True False

Q 42Q 42

An investor that matches the duration of an investment with her holding period balances price risk and reinvestment risk.

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Q 46Q 46

A bank with a duration gap of 1 is more sensitive to changes in the economic value of equity than a bank with a duration gap of -1.5.

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Q 51Q 51

Discuss the differences between assets and liabilities that are price sensitive and those that are rate sensitive.

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