# Quiz 6: Extension A: Cost-Volume-Profit Relationships

Business

Q 1Q 1

The engineering approach to the analysis of mixed costs involves a detailed statistical analysis of cost behavior using methods that minimize the squared errors.

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True False

False

Q 2Q 2

A major advantage of the high-low method of cost estimation is that it omits all data from the analysis other than the lowest and highest costs.

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True False

False

Q 3Q 3

The highest and lowest costs are always used to analyze a mixed cost under the high-low method.

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True False

False

Q 4Q 4

The high and low points used in the high-low method tend to be unusual and therefore the cost formula for the mixed cost may not accurately represent all of the data.

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True False

Q 5Q 5

In a scattergraph of cost and activity, activity is the independent variable because it causes variations in the cost.

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True False

Q 6Q 6

Managers can use a variety of methods to estimate the fixed and variable components of a mixed cost.In account analysis, an account is classified as either variable or fixed based on the analyst's prior knowledge of how the cost in the account behaves.

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True False

Q 7Q 7

The least-squares regression method computes the regression line that minimizes the sum of the squared deviations from the plotted points to the line.

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True False

Q 8Q 8

The R

^{2}(i.e., R-squared)tells us the percentage of the variation in the dependent variable (cost)that is explained by variation in the independent variable (activity).Free

True False

Q 9Q 9

( The R

^{2}(i.e., R-squared)varies from 0% to 100%, and the lower the percentage, the better the fit of the data to a straight line.Free

True False

Q 10Q 10

A quick look at a scattergraph of cost versus activity can reveal that there is little relation between the cost and the activity or that the relation is something other than a simple straight line.In such cases, least square regression is highly recommended for estimating fixed and variable costs.

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True False

Q 11Q 11

Least-squares regression selects the values for the intercept and slope of a straight line that minimize the sum of the errors.

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True False

Q 12Q 12

Which of the following statements is true when referring to the high-low method of cost analysis?
A)The high-low method has no major weaknesses.
B)The high-low method is very hard to apply.
C)In essence, the high-low method draws a straight line through two data points.
D)The high-low method uses all of the available data to estimate fixed and variable costs.

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Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

In describing the cost formula equation, Y = a + bX, which of the following is correct:
A)"Y" is the independent variable.
B)"a" is the variable cost per unit.
C)"a" and "b" are valid for all levels of activity.
D)in the high-low method, "b" equals the change in cost divided by the change in activity.

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Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

Larker Brothers, Inc., used the high-low method to derive its cost formula for electrical power cost.According to the cost formula, the variable cost per unit of activity is $4 per machine-hour.Total electrical power cost at the high level of activity was $19,200 and at the low level of activity was $18,400.If the high level of activity was 3,300 machine hours, then the low level of activity was:
A)3,100 machine hours
B)3,200 machine hours
C)3,000 machine hours
D)2,900 machine hours

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Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

Gamach Corporation is a wholesaler that sells a single product.Management has provided the following cost data for two levels of monthly sales volume.The company sells the product for $104.50 per unit. The best estimate of the total monthly fixed cost is:
A)$102,000
B)$518,900
C)$556,800
D)$481,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

Hara Corporation is a wholesaler that sells a single product.Management has provided the following cost data for two levels of monthly sales volume.The company sells the product for $159.80 per unit. The best estimate of the total variable cost per unit is:
A)$77.00
B)$60.60
C)$149.10
D)$138.80

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Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

Maintenance costs at a Straiton Corporation factory are listed below: Management believes that maintenance cost is a mixed cost that depends on machine-hours.Use the high-low method to estimate the variable and fixed components of this cost.Compute the variable component first and round off to the nearest whole cent.Compute the fixed component second and round off to the nearest whole dollar.These estimates would be closest to:
A)$0.10 per machine-hour; $54,382 per month
B)$15.00 per machine-hour; $54,316 per month
C)$9.12 per machine-hour; $21,309 per month
D)$9.53 per machine-hour; $19,801 per month

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Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

Iacob Corporation is a wholesaler that sells a single product.Management has provided the following cost data for two levels of monthly sales volume.The company sells the product for $103.40 per unit. The best estimate of the total contribution margin when 5,300 units are sold is:
A)$56,710
B)$133,560
C)$41,340
D)$213,590

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

Edal Corporation has provided the following production and total cost data for two levels of monthly production volume.The company produces a single product. The best estimate of the total variable manufacturing cost per unit is:
A)$63.70
B)$84.40
C)$53.30
D)$20.70

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Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

Bakan Corporation has provided the following production and average cost data for two levels of monthly production volume.The company produces a single product. The best estimate of the total variable manufacturing cost per unit is:
A)$126.60
B)$86.30
C)$13.90
D)$112.70

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Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

Supply costs at Coulthard Corporation's chain of gyms are listed below: Management believes that supply cost is a mixed cost that depends on client-visits.Use the high-low method to estimate the variable and fixed components of this cost.Compute the variable component first, rounding off to the nearest whole cent.Then compute the fixed component, rounding off to the nearest whole dollar.Those estimates are closest to:
A)$1.85 per client-visit; $23,547 per month
B)$1.77 per client-visit; $557 per month
C)$0.55 per client-visit; $16,579 per month
D)$0.57 per client-visit; $16,273 per month

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Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

Electrical costs at one of Finfrock Corporation's factories are listed below: Management believes that electrical cost is a mixed cost that depends on machine-hours.Use the high-low method to estimate the variable and fixed components of this cost.Compute the variable component first, rounding off to the nearest whole cent.Then compute the fixed component, rounding off to the nearest whole dollar.Those estimates are closest to:
A)$7.96 per machine-hour; $11,517 per month
B)$11.13 per machine-hour; $40,510 per month
C)$9.61 per machine-hour; $5,533 per month
D)$0.13 per machine-hour; $40,246 per month

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Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

Deidoro Company has provided the following data for maintenance cost: Maintenance cost is a mixed cost with variable and fixed components.The fixed and variable components of maintenance cost are closest to:
A)$26,600 per year; $3.10 per machine hour
B)$9,000 per year; $2.20 per machine hour
C)$9,000 per year; $3.10 per machine hour
D)$26,600 per year; $2.20 per machine hour

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Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

Caraco Corporation has provided the following production and average cost data for two levels of monthly production volume.The company produces a single product. The best estimate of the total cost to manufacture 7,300 units is closest to:
A)$1,487,375
B)$1,448,320
C)$1,500,750
D)$1,526,430

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Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

A soft drink bottler incurred the following factory utility cost: $9,246 for 5,200 cases bottled and $8,997 for 4,900 cases bottled.Factory utility cost is a mixed cost containing both fixed and variable components.The variable factory utility cost per case bottled is closest to:
A)$1.81
B)$1.78
C)$1.84
D)$0.83

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Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

Andom Corporation has provided the following production and average cost data for two levels of monthly production volume.The company produces a single product. The best estimate of the total monthly fixed manufacturing cost is:
A)$74,800
B)$54,100
C)$99,800
D)$33,400

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Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

The following data pertains to activity and maintenance cost for two recent periods: Maintenance cost is a mixed cost with both fixed and variable components.Using the high-low method, the cost formula for maintenance cost is:
A)Y = $4.25 X
B)Y = $14,000 + $2.50 X
C)Y = $2,500 + $4.25 X
D)Y = $4.50 X

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Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

Farac Corporation has provided the following production and total cost data for two levels of monthly production volume.The company produces a single product. The best estimate of the total cost to manufacture 4,300 units is closest to:
A)$674,890
B)$665,855
C)$695,740
D)$635,970

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Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

The following data pertains to activity and utility cost for two recent periods: Utility cost is a mixed cost with both fixed and variable components.Using the high-low method, the cost formula for utility cost is:
A)Y = $1.65 X
B)Y = $1.75 X
C)Y = $3,750 + $1.75 X
D)Y = $6,000 + $1.25 X

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Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

Dacosta Corporation has provided the following production and total cost data for two levels of monthly production volume.The company produces a single product. The best estimate of the total monthly fixed manufacturing cost is:
A)$1,599,000
B)$1,664,350
C)$814,800
D)$1,729,700

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Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

Seifer Inc.'s inspection costs are listed below: Management believes that inspection cost is a mixed cost that depends on the number of units produced.Using the least-squares regression method, the estimates of the variable and fixed components of inspection cost would be closest to:
A)$24.08 per unit plus $5,709 per month
B)$67.74 per unit plus $8,858 per month
C)$24.37 per unit plus $5,658 per month
D)$24.01 per unit plus $5,727 per month

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Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

Your boss would like you to estimate the fixed and variable components of a particular cost.Actual data for this cost over four recent periods appear below. Using the least-squares regression method, what is the cost formula for this cost?
A)Y = $75.89 + $1.02X
B)Y = $72.64 + $2.13X
C)Y = $ 0.00 + $5.04X
D)Y = $75.50 + $2.02X

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Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

The management of Hamano Corporation would like for you to analyze their repair costs, which are listed below: Management believes that repair cost is a mixed cost that depends on the number of machine-hours.Using the least-squares regression method, the estimates of the variable and fixed components of repair cost would be closest to:
A)$22.11 per machine-hour plus $98,497 per month
B)$7.37 per machine-hour plus $65,670 per month
C)$8.19 per machine-hour plus $62,015 per month
D)$7.55 per machine-hour plus $64,859 per month

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Multiple Choice

Q 34Q 34

What would be the competitor's prediction of variable cost per unit for Matthew Corporation?
A)$1.30
B)$0.77
C)$1.50
D)$1.45

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Multiple Choice

Q 35Q 35

What would be the competitor's prediction of total fixed cost per period?
A)$22,500
B)$28,000
C)$13,600
D)$ 3,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

What would be the competitor's prediction of total expected costs at 18,000 units?
A)$16,860
B)$26,400
C)$29,100
D)$30,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

The best estimate of the total monthly fixed manufacturing cost is:
A)$221,200
B)$391,800
C)$173,800
D)$126,400

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Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

The best estimate of the total variable manufacturing cost per unit is:
A)$132.70
B)$88.40
C)$23.70
D)$109.00

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Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

The best estimate of the total cost to manufacture 2,200 units is closest to:
A)$396,220
B)$430,980
C)$361,460
D)$418,340

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Not Answered

There is no answer for this question

Q 40Q 40

Using the high-low method, the variable cost per machine hour would be:
A)$0.67
B)$0.64
C)$0.40
D)$0.60

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Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

Using the high-low method, the fixed portion of the electrical cost each month would be:
A)$400
B)$760
C)$280
D)$190

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Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

Using the high-low method, the estimate of the variable component of inspection cost per unit produced is closest to:
A)$8.14
B)$7.05
C)$0.12
D)$12.89

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Multiple Choice

Q 43Q 43

Using the high-low method, the estimate of the fixed component of inspection cost per month is closest to:
A)$10,344
B)$10,441
C)$3,852
D)$10,176

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Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

Using the high-low method of analysis, what are the company's estimated variable selling and administrative expenses per unit?
A)$0.24
B)$4.17
C)$0.88
D)$0.96

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Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

Using the high-low method of analysis, what are the company's estimated total fixed selling and administrative expenses per year?
A)$60,000
B)$174,000
C)$150,000
D)$162,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

What is the company's contribution margin for this year?
A)$315,000
B)$(667,500)
C)$375,000
D)$213,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 47Q 47

The variable cost per setup for utilities is most likely closest to:
A)$ 8.00 per setup
B)$12.44 per setup
C)$ 4.00 per setup
D)$14.66 per setup

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Multiple Choice

Q 48Q 48

The total fixed overhead costs for Blaine Corporation are most likely closest to:
A)$112,000
B)$120,000
C)$ 40,000
D)$ 80,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 49Q 49

If 7,800 setups are projected for the next period, total expected overhead cost would be closest to:
A)$156,000
B)$236,000
C)$214,400
D)$276,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

The best estimate of the total monthly fixed manufacturing cost is:
A)$1,098,000
B)$1,053,000
C)$1,143,000
D)$603,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 51Q 51

The best estimate of the total variable manufacturing cost per unit is:
A)$90.00
B)$77.20
C)$12.80
D)$20.70

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Multiple Choice

Q 52Q 52

The best estimate of the total cost to manufacture 5,300 units is closest to:
A)$1,116,180
B)$1,062,915
C)$1,080,000
D)$1,009,650

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Multiple Choice

Q 53Q 53

Using the high-low method, the estimate of the variable component of office expense per escrow completed is closest to:
A)$45.44
B)$42.76
C)$88.22
D)$131.00

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Multiple Choice

Q 54Q 54

Using the high-low method, the estimate of the fixed component of office expense per month is closest to:
A)$7,685
B)$7,182
C)$6,678
D)$5,182

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Multiple Choice

Q 55Q 55

Using the high-low method, the estimate of the variable component of electrical cost per machine-hour is closest to:
A)$2.11
B)$1.80
C)$2.21
D)$0.47

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Multiple Choice

Q 56Q 56

Using the high-low method, the estimate of the fixed component of electrical cost per month is closest to:
A)$822
B)$743
C)$38
D)$944

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Multiple Choice

Q 57Q 57

The best estimate of the total monthly fixed cost is:
A)$875,000
B)$147,000
C)$771,000
D)$823,000

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Multiple Choice

Q 58Q 58

The best estimate of the total variable cost per unit is:
A)$82.90
B)$128.50
C)$104.00
D)$125.00

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Multiple Choice

Q 59Q 59

The best estimate of the total contribution margin when 6,300 units are sold is:
A)$75,600
B)$97,650
C)$362,880
D)$229,950

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Multiple Choice

Q 60Q 60

If Casablanca expects to incur 185,000 machine hours next month, what will the estimated total overhead cost be using the high-low method?
A)$212,750
B)$359,750
C)$382,750
D)$381,700

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Multiple Choice

Q 61Q 61

What is Casablanca's independent variable?
A)the year
B)the machine hours
C)the total overhead cost
D)the relevant range

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Multiple Choice

Q 62Q 62

Using the high-low method of analysis, the estimated variable cost per machine hour for electricity is closest to:
A)$0.40
B)$0.65
C)$0.70
D)$0.67

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Multiple Choice

Q 63Q 63

Using the high-low method of analysis, the estimated fixed cost per month for electricity is closest to:
A)$260
B)$235
C)$280
D)$800

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Multiple Choice

Q 64Q 64

Using the high-low method of analysis, the estimated variable lubrication cost per machine hour is closest to:
A)$1.50
B)$1.25
C)$0.67
D)$1.40

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Multiple Choice

Q 65Q 65

Using the high-low method of analysis, the estimated monthly fixed component of lubrication cost is closest to:
A)$1,120
B)$1,140
C)$1,170
D)$1,130

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Multiple Choice

Q 66Q 66

Using the least-squares regression method of analysis, the estimated variable lubrication cost per machine hour is closest to:
A)$0.80
B)$1.56
C)$1.40
D)$1.28

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Multiple Choice

Q 67Q 67

Using the least-squares regression method of analysis, the estimated monthly fixed component of lubrication cost is closest to:
A)$1,050
B)$1,060
C)$1,121
D)$1,144

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Multiple Choice

Q 68Q 68

Using the least-squares regression method, the estimate of the variable component of inspection cost per unit produced is closest to:
A)$22.80
B)$8.82
C)$8.27
D)$8.78

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Multiple Choice

Q 69Q 69

Using the least-squares regression method, the estimate of the fixed component of inspection cost per month is closest to:
A)$9,608
B)$15,640
C)$9,587
D)$15,271

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Multiple Choice

Q 70Q 70

Using the least-squares regression method, the estimate of the variable component of maintenance cost per machine-hour is closest to:
A)$9.76
B)$6.00
C)$4.43
D)$4.57

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Multiple Choice

Q 71Q 71

Using the least-squares regression method, the estimate of the fixed component of maintenance cost per month is closest to:
A)$5,139
B)$2,806
C)$4,973
D)$2,738

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Multiple Choice

Q 72Q 72

Arlo's T-shirt Shop only has three costs: T-shirt cost, rent cost on the shop, and utilities cost.Arlo's sells the T-shirts for $14.50 each.Management has prepared the following cost information for next month: Assume that all of the activity levels mentioned in this problem are within the relevant range.
Required:
a.Calculate Arlo's total variable cost if 9,000 T-shirts are sold next month.
b.Prepare Arlo's contribution format income statement if 10,000 T-shirts are sold.

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Essay

Q 73Q 73

Butler Sales Company is a distributor that has an exclusive franchise to sell a particular product made by another company.Butler Sales Company's traditional format income statements for the last two years are given below: Selling and administrative expense is a mixture of fixed costs and variable costs that vary with respect to the number of units sold.
Required:
a.Estimate the company's variable selling and administration expense per unit, and its total fixed selling and administrative expense per year.
b.Compute the company's contribution margin for this year.

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Essay

Q 74Q 74

The Stephens Leadership Center provides training seminars in personal development and time management.The company is relatively new and management is seeking information regarding the Center's cost structure.The following information has been gathered since the inception of the business in January of the current year: Required:
a.Using the high-low method, estimate the variable cost per seminar and the total fixed cost per month.
b.Using the least-squares method, estimate the variable cost per seminar and the total fixed cost per month.

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Essay

Q 75Q 75

The accounting department of Archer Company, a merchandising company, has prepared the following analysis: The accounting department feels that billing expense is a mixed cost, containing both fixed and variable cost elements.The billing expenses and sales in units over the last several months follow: The accounting department now plans to develop a cost formula for billing expense so that a contribution format income statement can be prepared for management's use.
Required:
a.Using the least-squares method, estimate the cost formula for billing expense.Round off both the fixed cost and the variable cost per thousand units sold to the nearest whole dollar.
b.Assume that the company plans to sell 30,000 units during July at a selling price of $100 per unit.Prepare a budgeted income statement for the month, using the contribution format.

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Essay

Q 76Q 76

Grawburg Inc.maintains a call center to take orders, answer questions, and handle complaints.The costs of the call center for a number of recent months are listed below: Management believes that the cost of the call center is a mixed cost that depends on the number of calls taken.
Required:
Estimate the variable cost per call and fixed cost per month using the least-squares regression method.

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Essay

Q 77Q 77

Furlan Printing Corp., a book printer, has provided the following data: Management believes that the press setup cost is a mixed cost that depends on the number of titles printed.(A specific book that is to be printed is called a "title".Typically, thousands of copies will be printed of each title.Specific steps must be taken to setup the presses for printing each title-for example, changing the printing plates.The costs of these steps are the press setup costs.)
Required:
Estimate the variable cost per title printed and the fixed cost per month using the least-squares regression method.

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Essay

Q 78Q 78

The management of Rutledge Corporation would like to better understand the behavior of the company's warranty costs.Those costs are listed below for a number of recent months: Management believes that warranty cost is a mixed cost that depends on the number of product returns.
Required:
Estimate the variable cost per product return and the fixed cost per month using the least-squares regression method.

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Essay

Q 79Q 79

Below are cost and activity data for a particular cost over the last four periods.Your boss has asked you to analyze this cost so that management will have a better understanding of how this cost changes in response to changes in activity. Required:
Using the least-squares regression method, estimate the cost formula for this cost.

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Essay

Q 80Q 80

Utility costs at one of Hannemann Corporation's factories are listed below: Management believes that utility cost is a mixed cost that depends on machine-hours.
Required:
Estimate the variable cost per machine-hour and the fixed cost per month using the high-low method.Show your work!

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Essay

Q 81Q 81

Swofford Inc.has provided the following data concerning its maintenance costs: Management believes that maintenance cost is a mixed cost that depends on machine-hours.
Required:
Estimate the variable cost per machine-hour and the fixed cost per month using the high-low method.Show your work!

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Essay

Q 82Q 82

The management of Dethlefsen Corporation would like to have a better understanding of the behavior of its inspection costs.The company has provided the following data: Management believes that inspection cost is a mixed cost that depends on direct labor-hours.
Required:
Estimate the variable cost per direct labor-hour and the fixed cost per month using the high-low method.Show your work!

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Essay