Quiz 13: Employment Law II: Discrimination


False Explanation: Private clubs are exempt from Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964,and religious organizations may discriminate in employment on the basis of religion.Broadly,Title VII forbids discrimination in hiring,firing,and all aspects of the employment relationship.

True Explanation: Unequal wage payments are lawful if paid pursuant to (1) a seniority system,(2) a merit system,(3) a system that measures earnings by quantity or quality of production,or (4) a differential based on "any ...factor other than sex." The employer seeking to avoid a violation of the Equal Pay Act can adjust its wage structure by raising the pay of the disfavored sex performing equal work.Lowering the pay of the favored sex violates the act.

True Explanation: The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) protects those 40 years and older from employment discrimination based on their age.Disparate treatment and harassment claims may be brought under the ADEA,and a 2005 Supreme Court decision extended ADEA protection to disparate impact claims also.