Juvenile Delinquency Study Set 2

Criminal Justice

Quiz 11 :
Delinquency Prevention and Juvenile Justice Today

Quiz 11 :
Delinquency Prevention and Juvenile Justice Today

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The first organized police force was created in London in 1829.
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True False
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True

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Historically,when children violated the law,they were often treated the same as adult offenders.
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True False
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True

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Many studies find that Hispanic teens are the most likely to view the police as dishonest.
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True False
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False

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Most officers regard juvenile violations as serious regardless of the offender.
True False
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A case involving a juvenile often demands that the officer consider the facts of the case,the law,and police discretion.
True False
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Since the mid-1990s,the juvenile violence rate has increased substantially.
True False
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Juveniles typically account for about 40 percent of all violent crime arrests.
True False
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In misdemeanor cases,the police officer must personally observe the crime to place a suspect in custody.
True False
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In felony cases involving juveniles,the police officer must personally observe the crime to place a suspect in custody or have probable cause to believe that a crime took place and that the juvenile did it.
True False
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Most juvenile laws provide broad authority for the police to take juveniles into custody,which implies a protective rather than punitive form of custody.
True False
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Most courts have held that the Fourth Amendment ban against unreasonable search and seizure applies to juveniles.
True False
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Since the mid-1960s,any incriminating statements arising from a "custodial interrogation" cannot be used at trial.
True False
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In the case People v.Lara,the court ruled that a juvenile's waive of his/her Miranda rights is determined by the totality of the circumstances.
True False
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The validity of juvenile waiver of rights depends on the age of the youth,education,their knowledge of the charges,the method of interrogation,and whether the youth was allowed to consult their family.
True False
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Police do not need probable cause to arrest juveniles.
True False
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In a classic 1963 study,Nathan Goldman examined the arrest records of more than a thousand juveniles from four communities in Pennsylvania and concluded that the majority of the police contacts with juveniles were handled informally.
True False
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In deciding what to do with a juvenile offender,police officers may be influenced by their perception of community alternatives to police intervention.
True False
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Among the factors that play into the police discretionary process are the attitude of the offender and the complainant.
True False
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Research indicates that a police officer is much more likely to take formal action if the crime is serious,if it has been reported by a respectable member of the community,and if the offender is well known to them.
True False
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Meda Chesney-Lind found that adolescent female status offenders are arrested for less serious offenses than boys.
True False
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