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Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology

Quiz 10 :

Social Structure, The Family, Gender, and Age

Quiz 10 :

Social Structure, The Family, Gender, and Age

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Kinship in industrial societies becomes less important as new structures and organizations take over the primary functions of kinship groupings.
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True False
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True

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The two major types of families found throughout the world are the extended family and the nuclear family.
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True False
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True

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Rules of endogamy in Hawaiian chiefdoms actually resulted in sibling marriages.
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True False
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True

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The dominance of males over females was common in many chiefdom societies.
True False
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Iroquois tribal society was organized around matrilineal descent groups, the members of which lived together in a longhouse, had collective rights over land and tools, and were influential in decision-making processes.
True False
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Since social class in the United States is an achieved status, factors such as family background, the economy, and ethnic background do not have any influence on social mobility.
True False
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Chiefdoms are hierarchically ranked societies.
True False
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A major factor leading to the diminishing importance of the extended family in industrial societies was the high rate of geographic mobility.
True False
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A cross-cousin is the offspring of one's father's sister or one's mother's brother.
True False
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Since statuses are fixed in industrial states, individuals in these societies are unable to move into different social classes from the one in which they were born.
True False
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Cross-cultural research has shown that societies engaged in external warfare (warfare at long distances from home) develop matrilocal residence rules.
True False
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Because of both the strict marriage rules and postmarital residence rules found in hunter-gatherer societies, it is very difficult to obtain a divorce.
True False
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In agricultural states, marriages among the elite were usually exogamous, while those among the peasantry were usually endogamous in nature.
True False
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If a tribal society has norms that prescribe cross-cousin or parallel-cousin marriage and an individual does not have a cousin in the particular category, that individual must remain single for the rest of his or her life since no mates fit the norm.
True False
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Small-scale societies tend to have more social stratification than large-scale societies because there are fewer people to occupy the statuses and play the roles.
True False
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Polygyny was rare in chiefdom societies because it diluted the power of a single ruling lineage.
True False
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Brideservice occurs when an eligible woman offers her domestic services to her future or potential husband's family in exchange for allowing her to marry their son.
True False
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Polygyny appears to be an ecologically and economically adaptive strategy for many tribal societies.
True False
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Most cultures with matrilineal social organizations are found in matriarchal states where females have political and economic power.
True False
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Age is a universal principle used in prescribing social status within a sociocultural system.
True False
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