Fundamentals of Nursing Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 11 :
Developmental Theories

bookmark
Unbookmark

Quiz 11 :
Developmental Theories

D "If individuals experience repeated developmental failures,inadequacies sometimes result" is a true statement.Developmental failures could manifest with ineffective coping skills.However,when an individual experiences successes,health is promoted.Patients have unique patterns of growth and development that are not uniform.Nurses must consider the influence of culture and context on growth and development.

D Human growth and development is a complex pattern of movement that involves changes in biological,cognitive,and socioemotional processes.Cognitive processes comprise changes in intelligence,use of language,and development of thinking.Socioemotional processes consist of variations in personality,emotions,and relationships with others.Height and weight,development of gross and fine motor skills,and sexual maturation resulting from hormonal changes during puberty are examples of changes resulting from biological processes.

C Understanding normal growth and development helps nurses predict,prevent,and detect deviations from patients' own expected patterns.The nurse can then compare expected patterns of activity based on age with the patient's stated activity patterns to determine deviations from the patient's own expected patterns.Asking the patient to describe his/her usual daily activities will provide the nurse with useful information about the patient's own expected patterns.How many hours are spent watching television or in front of a computer and how many times the patient exercises in a week are closed-ended questions.These questions would not provide the nurse with as much information about the patient's expected patterns when his/her stated patterns are compared with expected patterns for the patient's age group to detect delays.