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Pharmacology A Patient Centered Study Set 1

Nursing

Quiz 27 :

Antituberculars, Antifungals, and Antivirals

Quiz 27 :

Antituberculars, Antifungals, and Antivirals

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A patient is diagnosed with histoplasmosis and will begin taking ketoconazole.What information will the nurse include when teaching this patient about this medication?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B
Ketoconazole should be taken with food.It is administered once daily.Patients taking antifungals should not consume alcohol.Antifungals can cause liver and renal toxicity,so patients will need lab monitoring.

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A patient whose last flu vaccine was 1 year prior is exposed to the influenza A virus.The occupational health nurse will administer which medication?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B
The primary use for amantadine is prophylaxis against influenza A.Acyclovir is used to treat herpes virus.Oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu)is to be taken once flu symptoms appear.

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A patient who is taking isoniazid (INH)as part of a two-drug tuberculosis treatment regimen reports tingling of the fingers and toes.The nurse will recommend discussing which treatment with the provider?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

D
Peripheral neuropathy is an adverse reaction to INH,so pyridoxine is usually given to prevent this.It is not necessary to change medications.Increasing fluids will not help with this.

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A patient who has oral candidiasis will begin using nystatin suspension to treat the infection.What information will the nurse include when teaching this patient?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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A patient who has AIDS is at risk to contract aspergillosis.The nurse will anticipate that which antifungal medication will be ordered prophylactically for this patient?
Multiple Choice
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A patient who has chronic liver disease reports contact with a person who has tuberculosis (TB).The nurse will counsel this patient to contact the provider to discuss
Multiple Choice
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Which person should be treated with prophylactic antitubercular medication?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse receives an order to administer a purine nucleoside antiviral medication.The nurse understands that this medication treats which type of virus?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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The nurse caring for a patient who has tuberculosis and who is taking isoniazid,rifampin,and streptomycin reviews the medical record and notes the patient's sputum cultures reveal resistance to streptomycin.The nurse will anticipate that the provider will take which action?
Multiple Choice
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A patient will begin taking streptomycin as part of the medication regimen to treat tuberculosis.Before administering this medication,the nurse will review which laboratory values in the patient's medical record?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse is caring for a patient who is diagnosed with tuberculosis.The patient tells the nurse that the provider plans to order a prophylactic antitubercular drug for family members and asks which drug will be ordered.The nurse will expect the provider to order which drug?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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The nurse is teaching a patient about rifampin.Which statement by the patient indicates understanding of the teaching?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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A patient is diagnosed with tinea capitis.The provider will order which systemic antifungal medication for this patient?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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A patient who has completed the first phase of a three-drug regimen for tuberculosis has a positive sputum acid-bacilli test.The nurse will tell the patient that
Multiple Choice
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A patient is being treated with isoniazid (INH),rifampin,and pyrazinamide in phase I of treatment for tuberculosis.The organism develops resistance to isoniazid.Which drug will the nurse anticipate the provider will order to replace the isoniazid?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse is teaching a nursing student about the antifungal drug amphotericin B.Which statement by the student indicates a need for further teaching?
Multiple Choice
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A patient is diagnosed with influenza and will begin taking a neuraminidase inhibitor.The nurse knows that this drug is effective when taken within how many hours of onset of flu symptoms?
Multiple Choice
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A patient who has tuberculosis asks the nurse why three drugs are used to treat this disease.The nurse will explain that multidrug therapy is used to reduce the likelihood of
Multiple Choice
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A patient who takes an oral sulfonylurea medication will begin taking fluconazole (Diflucan).The nurse will expect to monitor which lab values in this patient?
Multiple Choice
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A patient calls the clinic in November to report a temperature of 103° F,headache,a nonproductive cough,and muscle aches.The patient reports feeling well earlier that day.The nurse will schedule the patient to see the provider and will expect the provider to order which medication?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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