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Essentials of Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology

Quiz 12 :

Politics and Power

Quiz 12 :

Politics and Power

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One key distinction that anthropologists have observed in the structure of a tribe is that the tribal leaders do NOT build and maintain power through
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B

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The economically efficient strategy of cooperative gathering,coordinated hunting,and reciprocal sharing of resources while resisting hierarchy and domination that sustained human beings through most of our existence is a strategy that strongly values
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D

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The political structure of all modern countries includes a central government that ideally exercises complete political,military,and economic control of its territory and functions as a
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B

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The Maasai,who live outside the direct control of the government of Tanzania and have had to form their own nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)and other political organizations to fight against the government's efforts to act as though they did not exist,might today be known as
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An autonomous regional political structure with a central government authorized to make laws and use political,economic,and military force to maintain order and defend its territory is referred to as a
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The development and organization of states such as Iraq through the colonial policies of Britain and France rather than the "will of the people" that live in those states creates many conflicts today.This makes these states the focus of
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Early states played an important role in the development of most areas of the world,so their origin,construction,and organization are the focus of modern
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From its inception,the modern state of Germany has existed in many forms.The hundreds of German principalities were formerly united in 1871 into Germany until 1918.After defeat in World War I,Germany's government was known as the Weimar Republic until the Nazis came to power in 1933.With the defeat of Nazi Germany,the country was divided into East and West during the cold war,and finally reunited when the Soviet Union collapsed.This demonstrates what specific characteristic of a state?
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Hunting and gathering peoples developed a successful adaptation that promoted generosity,altruism,and sharing while resisting upstarts,aggression,and egoism,something that could only be sustained through
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The author notes that the image of the state as fixed,cohesive,and coherent is an illusion,and through the interactions between the state and its members-individuals,communities,institutions,and so forth-each state is constructed
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The ability or potential to bring about change through action or influence is referred to as power,something that is
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The precursor to the complex political organization we now call the state is the
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Foragers move over a particular territory and form small,kin-based groups that constantly break up and reform in response to conflicts,and are a form of highly decentralized
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Our own experiences with the state through encounters with institutions such as the police or airport customs lend credence to the idea of the state as a collection of institutions and structures,but as political anthropologists,we can understand the state as
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An autonomous political unit composed of a number of villages or communities under the permanent control of a paramount chief is referred to as a
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Groups that were originally viewed as a culturally distinct multiband population that imagined itself as one people descended from a common ancestor,and are currently described as an indigenous group with its own set of loyalties and leaders living to some extent outside the control of a centralized authoritative state,are known as
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A small,kinship-based group of foragers who move over a particular territory is known as a
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In the modern world,while the state is considered the ultimate authority in any particular territory,the author notes that they are
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Earlier anthropological analysis considered small-scale human groups in comparative isolation.Today,however,it is clear that bands,tribes,and chiefdoms must all function
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Micronesia's traditional political system of matrilineal clans headed by chiefs and dispersed across many islands separated by hundreds of miles allows them to readily recover from disastrous situations.Despite the distance,Micronesians are all members of different
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