# Quiz 4: Linear Programming Applications in Marketing, Finance, and Operations Management

Business

Q 1Q 1

Media selection problems usually determine
A) how many times to use each media source.
B) the coverage provided by each media source.
C) the cost of each advertising exposure.
D) the relative value of each medium.

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Multiple Choice

A

Q 2Q 2

To study consumer characteristics, attitudes, and preferences, a company would engage in
A) client satisfaction processing.
B) marketing research.
C) capital budgeting.
D) production planning.

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Multiple Choice

B

Q 3Q 3

A marketing research application uses the variable HD to represent the number of homeowners interviewed during the day. The objective function minimizes the cost of interviewing this and other categories and there is a constraint that HD 100. The solution indicates that interviewing another homeowner during the day will increase costs by 10.00. What do you know?
A) the objective function coefficient of HD is 10.
B) the dual price for the HD constraint is 10.
C) the objective function coefficient of HD is 10.
D) the dual price for the HD constraint is 10.

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Multiple Choice

D

Q 4Q 4

The dual price for a constraint that compares funds used with funds available is .058. This means that
A) the cost of additional funds is 5.8%.
B) if more funds can be obtained at a rate of 5.5%, some should be.
C) no more funds are needed.
D) the objective was to minimize.

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

Let M be the number of units to make and B be the number of units to buy. If it costs $2 to make a unit and $3 to buy a unit and 4000 units are needed, the objective function is
A) Max 2M + 3B
B) Min 4000 (M + B)
C) Max 8000M + 12000B
D) Min 2M + 3B

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

If P

_{ij}= the production of product i in period j, then to indicate that the limit on production of the company's three products in period 2 is 400, A) P_{21}+ P_{22}+ P_{23} 400 B) P_{12}+ P_{22}+ P_{32} 400 C) P_{32} 400 D) P_{23} 400Free

Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

Let P

_{ij}= the production of product i in period j. To specify that production of product 1 in period 3 and in period 4 differs by no more than 100 units, A) P_{13} P_{14} 100; P_{14} P_{13} 100 B) P_{13} P_{14} 100; P_{13} P_{14} 100 C) P_{13} P_{14} 100; P_{14} P_{13} 100 D) P_{13} P_{14} 100; P_{14} P_{13} 100Free

Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

Let A, B, and C be the amounts invested in companies A, B, and C. If no more than 50% of the total investment can be in company B, then
A) B 5
B) A .5B + C 0
C) .5A B .5C 0
D) .5A + .5B .5C 0

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

Department 3 has 2500 hours. Transfers are allowed to departments 2 and 4, and from departments 1 and 2. If A

_{i}measures the labor hours allocated to department i and T_{ij}the hours transferred from department i to department j, then A) T_{13}+ T_{23} T_{32} T_{34} A_{3}= 2500 B) T_{31}+ T_{32} T_{23} T_{43}+ A_{3}= 2500 C) A_{3}+ T_{13}+ T_{23} T_{32} T_{34}= 2500 D) A_{3} T_{13} T_{23}+ T_{32}+ T_{34}= 2500Free

Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

Modern revenue management systems maximize revenue potential for an organization by helping to manage
A) pricing strategies.
B) reservation policies.
C) short-term supply decisions.
D) All of the alternatives are correct.

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Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

Media selection problems can maximize exposure quality and use number of customers reached as a constraint, or maximize the number of customers reached and use exposure quality as a constraint.

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True False

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True False

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True False

Q 14Q 14

If an LP problem is not correctly formulated, the computer software will indicate it is infeasible when trying to solve it.

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True False

Q 15Q 15

It is improper to combine manufacturing costs and overtime costs in the same objective function.

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True False

Q 16Q 16

Production constraints frequently take the form:
beginning inventory + sales production = ending inventory

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True False

Q 17Q 17

If a real-world problem is correctly formulated, it is not possible to have alternative optimal solutions.

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True False

Q 18Q 18

To properly interpret dual prices, one must know how costs were allocated in the objective function.

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True False

Q 19Q 19

A company makes two products from steel; one requires 2 tons of steel and the other requires 3 tons. There are 100 tons of steel available daily. A constraint on daily production could be written as: 2x

_{1}+ 3x_{2} 100.Free

True False

Q 20Q 20

Double-subscript notation for decision variables should be avoided unless the number of decision variables exceeds nine.

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True False

Q 21Q 21

Using minutes as the unit of measurement on the left-hand side of a constraint and using hours on the right-hand side is acceptable since both are a measure of time.

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True False

Q 22Q 22

Compared to the problems in the textbook, real-world problems generally require more variables and constraints.

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True False

Q 23Q 23

For the multiperiod production scheduling problem in the textbook, period n 1's ending inventory variable was also used as period n's beginning inventory variable.

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True False

Q 24Q 24

A company makes two products, A and B. A sells for $100 and B sells for $90. The variable production costs are $30 per unit for A and $25 for B. The company's objective could be written as: MAX 190x

_{1} 55x_{2}.Free

True False

Q 25Q 25

The primary limitation of linear programming's applicability is the requirement that all decision variables be nonnegative.

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True False

Q 26Q 26

A decision maker would be wise to not deviate from the optimal solution found by an LP model because it is the best solution.

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True False

Q 27Q 27

An ad campaign for a new snack chip will be conducted in a limited geographical area and can use TV time, radio time, and newspaper ads. Information about each medium is shown below.
If the number of TV ads cannot exceed the number of radio ads by more than 4, and if the advertising budget is $10000, develop the model that will maximize the number reached and achieve an exposure quality if at least 1000.

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Essay

Q 28Q 28

Information on a prospective investment for Wells Financial Services is given below.
In each period, funds available for investment come from two sources: loan funds and income from the previous period's investment. Expenses, or cash outflows, in each period must include repayment of the previous period's loan plus 8.5% interest, and the current payroll payment. In addition, to end the planning horizon, investment income from period 4 (at 110% of the investment) must be sufficient to cover the loan plus interest from period 4. The difference in these two quantities represents net income, and is to be maximized. How much should be borrowed and how much should be invested each period?

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Essay

Q 29Q 29

Tots Toys makes a plastic tricycle that is composed of three major components: a handlebar-front wheel-pedal assembly, a seat and frame unit, and rear wheels. The company has orders for 12,000 of these tricycles. Current schedules yield the following information.
The company obviously does not have the resources available to manufacture everything needed for the completion of 12000 tricycles so has gathered purchase information for each component. Develop a linear programming model to tell the company how many of each component should be manufactured and how many should be purchased in order to provide 12000 fully completed tricycles at the minimum cost.

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Essay

Q 30Q 30

The Tots Toys Company is trying to schedule production of two very popular toys for the next three months: a rocking horse and a scooter. Information about both toys is given below.
Develop a model that would tell the company how many of each toy to produce during each month. You are to minimize total cost. Inventory cost will be levied on any items in inventory on June 30, July 31, or August 31 after demand for the month has been satisfied. Your model should make use of the relationship
Beginning Inventory + Production Demand = Ending Inventory
for each month. The company wants to end the summer with 150 rocking horses and 60 scooters as beginning inventory for Sept. 1. Don't forget to define your decision variables.

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Essay

Q 31Q 31

Larkin Industries manufactures several lines of decorative and functional metal items. The most recent order has been for 1200 door lock units for an apartment complex developer. The sales and production departments must work together to determine delivery schedules. Each lock unit consists of three components: the knob and face plate, the actual lock itself, and a set of two keys. Although the processes used in the manufacture of the three components vary, there are three areas where the production manager is concerned about the availability of resources. These three areas, their usage by the three components, and their availability are detailed in the table.
A quick look at the amounts available confirms that Larkin does not have the resources to fill this contract. A subcontractor, who can make an unlimited number of each of the three components, quotes the prices below.
Develop a linear programming model that would tell Larkin how to fill the order for 1200 lock sets at the minimum cost.

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Essay

Q 32Q 32

G and P Manufacturing would like to minimize the labor cost of producing dishwasher motors for a major appliance manufacturer. Although two models of motors exist, the finished models are indistinguishable from one another; their cost difference is due to a different production sequence. The time in hours required for each model in each production area is tabled here, along with the labor cost.
Currently labor assignments provide for 10,000 hours in each of Areas A and B and 18000 hours in Area C. If 2000 hours are available to be transferred from area B to Area A, 3000 hours are available to be transferred from area C to either Areas A or B, develop the linear programming model whose solution would tell G&P how many of each model to produce and how to allocate the workforce.

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Essay

Q 33Q 33

FarmFresh Foods manufactures a snack mix called TrailTime by blending three ingredients: a dried fruit mixture, a nut mixture, and a cereal mixture. Information about the three ingredients (per ounce) is shown below.
The company needs to develop a linear programming model whose solution would tell them how many ounces of each mix to put into the TrailTime blend. TrailTime is packaged in boxes that will hold between three and four cups. The blend should contain no more than 1000 calories and no more than 25 grams of fat. Dried fruit must be at least 20% of the volume of the mixture, and nuts must be no more than 15% of the weight of the mixture. Develop a model that meets these restrictions and minimizes the cost of the blend.

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Essay

Q 34Q 34

Island Water Sports is a business that provides rental equipment and instruction for a variety of water sports in a resort town. On one particular morning, a decision must be made of how many Wildlife Raft Trips and how many Group Sailing Lessons should be scheduled. Each Wildlife Raft Trip requires one captain and one crew person, and can accommodate six passengers. The revenue per raft trip is $120. Ten rafts are available, and at least 30 people are on the list for reservations this morning. Each Group Sailing Lesson requires one captain and two crew people for instruction. Two boats are needed for each group. Four students form each group. There are 12 sailboats available, and at least 20 people are on the list for sailing instruction this morning. The revenue per group sailing lesson is $160. The company has 12 captains and 18 crew available this morning. The company would like to maximize the number of customers served while generating at least $1800 in revenue and honoring all reservations.

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Essay

Q 35Q 35

Evans Enterprises has bought a prime parcel of beachfront property and plans to build a luxury hotel. After meeting with the architectural team, the Evans family has drawn up some information to make preliminary plans for construction. Excluding the suites, which are not part of this decision, the hotel will have four kinds of rooms: beachfront non-smoking, beachfront smoking, lagoon view non-smoking, and lagoon view smoking. In order to decide how many of each of the four kinds of rooms to plan for, the Evans family will consider the following information.
a.
After adjusting for expected occupancy, the average nightly revenue for a beachfront non-smoking room is $175. The average nightly revenue for a lagoon view non-smoking room is $130. Smokers will be charged an extra $15.
b.
Construction costs vary. The cost estimate for a lagoon view room is $12,000 and for a beachfront room is $15,000. Air purifying systems and additional smoke detectors and sprinklers ad $3000 to the cost of any smoking room. Evans Enterprises has raised $6.3 million in construction guarantees for this portion of the building.
c.
There will be at least 100 but no more than 180 beachfront rooms.
d.
Design considerations require that the number of lagoon view rooms be at least 1.5 times the number of beachfront rooms, and no more than 2.5 times that number.
e.
Industry trends recommend that the number of smoking rooms be no more than 50% of the number of non-smoking rooms.
Develop the linear programming model to maximize revenue.

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Essay

Q 36Q 36

National Wing Company (NWC) is gearing up for the new B-48 contract. Currently NWC has 100 equally qualified workers. Over the next three months NWC has made the following commitments for wing production:
Each worker can either be placed in production or can train new recruits. A new recruit can be trained to be an apprentice in one month. The next month, he, himself, becomes a qualified worker (after two months from the start of training). Each trainer can train two recruits. The production rate and salary per employee is estimated below.
At the end of July, NWC wishes to have no recruits or apprentices but have at least 140 full-time workers. Formulate and solve a linear program for NWC to accomplish this at minimum total cost.

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Essay