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Essentials of Torts

Criminal Justice

Quiz 13 :

Negligence: Proximate Cause

Quiz 13 :

Negligence: Proximate Cause

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Intervening forces are always superseding causes.
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True False
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False

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The extent of the injury must be foreseeable for the defendant to be the proximate cause of that injury.
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False

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MATCHING -how convincing something must be
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C

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MATCHING -actual cause and legal cause
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You can always determine actual cause through historical data since history repeats itself.
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MATCHING -a new or independent force that produces harm after the defendant's act or omission
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The weight of the evidence determines what standard of proof will be used in a negligence case.
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The two components of proximate cause are
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The defendant will not be liable for the aggravation of the original injury caused by the defendant when the plaintiff could have prevented the aggravation.
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An intervening cause
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The two components of proximate cause are actual cause and legal cause.
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A plaintiff with a high vulnerability to injury is said to have a/an ________.
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While the but-for test and the substantial-factor test might lead to the same conclusion, it is generally easier to establish cause in fact by the substantial-factor test.
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The manner in which the injury occurs does not have to be foreseeable if the general nature or type of harm was a foreseeable consequence of the original risk.
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A sudden violent storm that contributes to the plaintiff's injury is an intervening ________.
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The two tests for actual cause are
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The standard of proof in most negligence cases is ________ of the evidence.
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Legal cause is established
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Proximate cause is cause that is legally sufficient to impose liability for the results of one's wrongful act or omission.
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Under the mitigation-of-damages rule, the defendant will not be liable for any ________ of the plaintiff's injury that could have been prevented by the plaintiff.
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