Forensic Science Fundamentals and Investigations

Criminal Justice

Quiz 14 :

Forensic Anthropolgy

Quiz 14 :

Forensic Anthropolgy

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To distinguish between the male and female pelvis, the sub pubic angle is:
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A

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In 1998, an anthropology subcommittee of OSAC (Organization of Scientific Area Committees) was established to standardize recovery and analysis of human remains.
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False

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In childhood, bones are built at a faster rate than the rate at which they break down.However, after age 30, the process begins to reverse; bones lose minerals and break down faster than they are built.Some aging people, with especially low bone density, are at risk for:
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B

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After all bones have become fully developed, an adult has 206 bones.A baby has:
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Bones contain a diary of injuries, diseases, and nutritional deficiencies.What would the bones of the women who, in the 1920s, painted watch dials to make them glow in the dark have revealed about the materials they worked with?
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​As muscles in males tend to be larger than in females, males tend to have a more robust skeleton than females.This gender-based difference in skeletons makes it possible to determine the gender of skeletal remains regardless of the age of the victim at the time of death. ​
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In 1895, the first known use of craniofacial superimposition identified the remains of __________________________________________.
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Which method is especially helpful for skeletal analysis when identification is impossible due to burns or decomposition?
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A joint is the location where bones meet.Joints contain several kinds of connective tissue.These include:
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Skulls can often be used to determine gender.The male's frontal bone is low and sloping, whereas the female's frontal bone is higher and more rounded.
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Forensic anthropologists test bones for the presence of different isotopes of carbon and strontium to provide clues as to where a person lived and how long they lived in that area.Strontium is an element found in dissolved groundwater.Stable isotopes of carbon are found in food.Which stable isotopes of carbon were used to do an analysis of the skeletal remains of the Jamestown colonist mentioned in the text?
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During the development of a fetus, bones begin as cartilage, the same flexible material that makes up the ears. The process of bone replacing cartilage is called ossification.
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Bone ossification can indicate the age of the victim.What is the approximate age that the femur head is fused to the shaft?
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Punctures resulting from sharp-force trauma, blunt-force trauma and gunshot wounds all have distinctive patterns.Blunt objects generally create which type of injury?
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Determination of ancestry from skeletal remains is difficult.Ancestry is probably best indicated by:
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In 1932, the F.B.I.announced the opening of its first crime lab.The Smithsonian Institution became a working partner, aiding in the identification of human remains.
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Bands of tissue connecting two or more bones together are _________________________________________.
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The main suture mark(s) on a skull, marking where the bones are growing together, are:
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Nuclear DNA can be extracted from bones and teeth to determine personal identification.If, however, the nuclear DNA is degraded or damaged, there is another substance which is more plentiful and durable that can be analyzed.What is the name of this substance?
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Although ossification begins before birth, for some bones, ossification can take more than:
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