Cognitive Neuroscience Study Set 3

Psychology

Quiz 14 :

Psychopathology

Quiz 14 :

Psychopathology

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Research on the neural basis of depression and anxiety disorders is complicated by the fact that:
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A

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The DSM criteria for diagnosis of schizophrenia has three central symptoms to diagnosis, and at least one of these three symptoms must be present in order to qualify for a diagnosis of schizophrenia.These are: A.Disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behaviour, delusions B.Hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech C.Hallucinations, disorganized speech, negative symptoms
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Hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech

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Which region is implicated in the process of anxious apprehension? A.Right frontal region B.Broca's region C.Wernicke's region D.Amygdala
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Broca's region

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Which of the following is one of the two main dimensions of anxiety:
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Hallucinations in schizophrenia: A.Can occur in any sensory modality, but olfactory hallucinations are most typical B.Can occur in any sensory modality, but vision hallucinations are most typical C.Can occur in any sensory modality, but auditory hallucinations are most typical D.Are equally likely to occur across all sensory modalities
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Sensory gating is: A.A lack of response to auditory stimulus in schizophrenia. B.Neural response to the first of two successive auditory tones or clicks is less than the response to the second stimulus. C.Neural response to the second of two successive auditory tones or clicks is less than the response to the first stimulus. D.Iincreased in schizophrenia
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Which of the following is true about the negative symptoms in schizophrenia:
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Schizophrenia is relatively common with the number of people affected at any given time being:
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Dysthymia is: A.A milder state of chronic depression lasting at least two years B.A milder state of chronic depression lasting at least 12 months C.A major episode of depression lasting at least 12 months D.A major episode of depression lasting at least two years
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Working memory is disrupted in patients with schizophrenia and is associated with: A.Hypofrontality B.Negative symptoms C.Positive symptoms D.Under activation of the temporal lobe
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Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses.At any one time it afflicts approximately:
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Cognitive characteristics of depression include: A.Memory and attention are biased toward negative events and interpretations B.Poor performance on standard tasks of executive functions C.Inability to respond adaptively to performance errors or negative feedback D.All of the above
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Which of the following does not test for attentional bias toward threating information? A.Dot probe task B.Emotional Stroop task C.Sustained attention to response task D.Sensory gating task
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Which is the main region of the brain that is dysfunctional in addicts A.Orbitofrontal cortex B.Cingulate cortex C.Amygdala D.Insula
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Neural features of depression may include:
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One of the most reliable pieces of evidence of neural dysfunction in schizophrenia is: A.Increase in overall brain volume B.Reduced size of the lateral and third ventricles C.Enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles D.Alterations in ratio of hippocampus to whole brain volume
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Research into the neural function of people with addiction has revealed which of the following:
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What is major theme of cognitive neuroscience approaches to pathology?
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