Criminal Justice Practice

Criminal Justice

Quiz 3 :

Theories of Criminality and Crime

Quiz 3 :

Theories of Criminality and Crime

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Which of the following terms is used to describe frameworks consisting of a group of theories that propose similar explanation for a particular type of behavior?
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A

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Until the 18th century, what was thought to be the cause of criminal behavior?
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C

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Which of the following did Robert Merton argue might cause normlessness?
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B

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According to Robert Merton, which of the following may cause people to feel strain?
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______ theorists argue that criminal behavior is related to culture and social class.
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The two major schools of criminological thought are classical and ______.
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Which theorist is credited as the father of criminology?
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A girl is adopted at birth.Shortly after the girl is adopted, one of her adopted parents is laid off.Because they are stressed, her adoptive parents become verbally and physically abusive.When the girl becomes an adult, she becomes a pharmacy technician and begins to use and sell prescription drugs illegally.Eventually, she seeks out contact with her biological parents and finds they have both been imprisoned due to illegal drug use and trafficking.What does this exemplify?
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According to theorists in the classical school of criminology, what purpose does punishment serve?
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Which of the following statements reflects beliefs of the classical school of criminology?
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Which of the following describes how socialization may impact a person's propensity to engage in criminal behavior?
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Which theorist criticized the injustices in and arbitrariness of the administration of law and punishment and encouraged reforms to make laws more consistent and rational?
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Theorists from which school sought to determine basic causes of crime, had strong faith in scientific experts, and believed in rehabilitating offenders rather than punishing them?
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Which refers to the presence of both natural and nurture criminogenic factors as a contributing factor to criminal behavior?
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Studying criminology can be helpful in determining ways to ______.
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Which of the following traits did biologists once believe was caused by a "criminal" chromosome?
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A person argues that criminal behavior occurs in communities with high population turnover and weakened core social institutions, such as poor schools.With which theory is this person most aligned?
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Cesare Lombroso used which term to describe characteristics of offenders?
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Which term refers to a state of normlessness that is central to strain theory?
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Which of the following have researchers relied on to study the effect of nature and nurture on criminal behavior?
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