American Government

Political Science

Quiz 3 :

Federalism and the Separation of Powers

Quiz 3 :

Federalism and the Separation of Powers

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When the Supreme Court ruled that the state of Maryland did not have the authority to tax a national bank, it did so by invoking ____________ of the federal Constitution.
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A

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Favorable judicial interpretation of the ______________ clause allowed the national government to substantially expand the scope of its authority over time.
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C

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Private property in the United States is defined according to ___________ .
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A

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According to the ______________ clause, if a couple marries in Texas as regulated by state law, then Missouri must also recognize that marriage even though the couple was not married under Missouri state law.
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The federalist system created under the Constitution was designed to limit governmental power by creating a second layer of sovereignty in ____________.
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The power of eminent domain refers to the right of:
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In addition to the expressed powers granted to the federal government, which powers are derived from a broad interpretation of delegated powers?
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Powers reserved to the state government to regulate the health, safety, and morals of its citizens are known as _____________ powers.
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Under the American framers' vision of ____________, government power is limited through a division into two levels, each with enough independence to compete with the other.
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In 2015, the Supreme Court declared that under _______________, states were required to honor same-sex marriage licenses from other states
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Powers derived from the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution that are not specifically delegated to the national government or denied to the states are known as ______________ powers.
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The system of government in which a constitution divides power between a central government and regional governments is known as:
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The Tenth Amendment to the U.S.Constitution states that the powers the Constitution does not delegate to the national government are:
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Article IV of the U.S.Constitution calls for "full faith and credit" among states, meaning that:
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The power to regulate commerce is an example of a ___________ power with the American federal system.
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In addition to expressed and implied powers, the Constitution affirmed the power of the national government over state governments in the:
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The power to levy taxes is an example of a(n) _____________ power.
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States have the power to regulate the livelihoods of many Americans by requiring them to be licensed as physicians, attorneys, and even barbers, even while the federal government has the authority to regulate commerce that crosses state lines.This is an example of _____________ power.
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Which term describes the division of powers and functions between national and state governments?
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In the 2015 U.S.Supreme Court ruling Obergfell v.Hodges, the Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment guarantees the right of individuals to marry into either same-sex or opposite-sex couples.However, Kim Davis, a county clerk in Kentucky, refused to issue marriage licenses to the former couples, to the point of refusing a federal court order to do so.She eventually served jail time for contempt of court.Which clause in the Constitution allowed a federal court to order Davis to comply with Obergfell?
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