# Quiz 6: Hypothesis Testing

Psychology

Q 1Q 1

Sam has decided to study why college students use social networking sites.This is an example of an) .
A)research question.
B)research topic.
C)research hypothesis.
D)literary research.

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Multiple Choice

B

Q 2Q 2

A is an idea that is not very well defined.
A)research topic
B)research hypothesis
C)literary research
D)research question

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Multiple Choice

A

Q 3Q 3

A states a research idea in a clearly defined manner so that it may be tested.
A)research topic
B)research hypothesis
C)research question
D)literary research

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Multiple Choice

C

Q 4Q 4

Unlike a research topic that is defined broadly, a is better defined to provide direction for researchers.
A)research experiment
B)research hypothesis
C)research question
D)literary research

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Multiple Choice

Q 5Q 5

A research question is and a research topic is .
A)broad, narrow.
B)narrow, broad.
C)unique, common.
D)complex, simple.

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Multiple Choice

Q 6Q 6

In the chapter, a study by Albert Bandura was discussed.Which of the following was not a research topic?
A)observational learning
B)reinforcement
C)punishment
D)Bobo dolls

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Multiple Choice

Q 7Q 7

Which of the following was the research question used by Albert Bandura in his study with Bobo Dolls and children?
A)Does the type of reinforcement or punishment given to model influence the observer's aggressive behavior?
B)Does observational learning impact children?
C)Does the use of reinforcement influence children?
D)Does the use of a Bobo doll influence the reinforcement of children in play?

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Multiple Choice

Q 8Q 8

Which of the following is an example discussed in the textbook of a place to get a research idea?
A)Internet
B)from a professor
C)prior research
D)book on research ideas

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Multiple Choice

Q 9Q 9

Which of the following is not a place discussed in the textbook to get a research idea?
A)Internet
B)everyday experiences
C)prior research
D)theory

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Multiple Choice

Q 10Q 10

Each day that Jim walks to class he notices that his fellow students always have their heads down looking at their phones.Jim tells his professor he would like to conduct a study looking at why students spend so much time looking at their phones.Jim has just gotten a research idea from an) .
A)theory.
B)functional problem.
C)everyday experience.
D)prior research study.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 11Q 11

Dr.James is working hard on his research testing a drug which will influence the onset of a newly identified psychological disorder.Dr.James more than likely got his idea from an) .
A)theory.
B)everyday experience.
C)prior research study.
D)functional problem.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 12Q 12

Sara is working hard reviewing the literature for a research study.Finally, after several days of reviewing literature, Sara stumbles across a good research idea.This would be an example of Sara using an) to find a research idea.theory
B)everyday experiences
C)prior research study
D)functional problem

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 13Q 13

The chapter discussed some of the work done by Dr.John Nash.Dr.Nash's work was originally only applied in the field of mathematics.Later, researchers took his theory and applied them in economics, psychology, and other fields.This is an example of getting a research idea by using an) ?? .
A)everyday experience.
B)prior research study.
C)functional problem.
D)theory.

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Multiple Choice

Q 14Q 14

In psychological research, the largest database used by researchers is .
A)APb.PsycINFO.
C)PsycARTICLES.
D)Google.

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Multiple Choice

Q 15Q 15

In psychology, the database with only full text electronic articles is called .
A)APb.PsycINFO.
C)PsycARTICLES.
D)Google.

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Multiple Choice

Q 16Q 16

According to the text, the use of the Internet for searching is questionable because the Internet is not always and .
A)verifiable, reliable.
B)truthful, honest.
C)valid, tested.
D)truthful, valid.

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Multiple Choice

Q 17Q 17

Which of the following is least likely to contain information that is valid or reliable?
A).com
B).edu
C)..gov
D).org

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Multiple Choice

Q 18Q 18

Which of the following is most likely to contain information that is valid or reliable?
A).org
B).net
C).com
D).edu

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Multiple Choice

Q 19Q 19

Dan is searching on the Internet for information on his research topic.The search results lead to over 50,000 hits.Dan's search resulted in a large number of hits because .
A)his topic is well researched.
B)his search was too narrow.
C)his search was too broad.
D)his search engine is not working properly.

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Multiple Choice

Q 20Q 20

Jason is searching for information on his research topic.Jason puts in his search engine, "pornography and drugs." Jason's use of the word "and" is to .
A)increase the number of returned results.
B)to help with finding overlapping material.
C)decrease the number of returned results.
D)to limit the number of overlapping pieces of material.

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Multiple Choice

Q 21Q 21

Sara is searching on the Internet for information on her research topic.The search results lead to only 10 hits.Sara's search resulted in a small number of records because .
A)her topic is too broad.
B)her topic is too narrow.
C)her topic is not interesting enough to be researched.
D)the search engine is not working properly.

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Multiple Choice

Q 22Q 22

When searching for research on more than one topic area, you should use the words) between search topics to find overlapping material.
A)or
B)with
C)and
D)from which

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 23Q 23

When searching for research on a topic, it is recommended that you use to increase the number of search results.
A)synonyms
B)antonyms
C)prepositions
D)adjectives

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Multiple Choice

Q 24Q 24

Tom has developed a that states there is a relationship between caffeine and alertness.
A)theory
B)correlation
C)statement
D)hypothesis

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Multiple Choice

Q 25Q 25

A statement by a researcher about the relationship between variables is known as a .
A)theory
B)hypothesis
C)correlation
D)testimonial

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Multiple Choice

Q 26Q 26

In research, the two hypotheses developed must be and .
A)mutually exclusive, exhaustive
B)different, all knowing
C)true, valid
D)valid, reliable

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Multiple Choice

Q 27Q 27

When hypotheses for a study are said to be mutually exclusive, this means the hypotheses .
A)are both reliable.
B)can't both be true.
C)can't both be reliable.
D)are both true.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 28Q 28

When hypotheses in a research study are exhaustive, they are .
A)the only possibilities.
B)the best possible choices.
C)the beginnings of a good theory.
D)stated in the simplest way possible.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 29Q 29

Dave has developed a research question.In addition, he has developed two hypotheses for his research question.The first hypothesis states there is no difference between the scores on the dependent variables.This is known as the hypothesis.
A)first
B)research
C)null
D)exhaustive

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 30Q 30

Susan is conducting a research study and has developed two hypotheses.She is planning to test against the null hypothesis.The null hypothesis states .
A)there is a relationship between the scores of the dependent variables.
B)there is no difference between the scores of the dependent variables.
C)there is a significant relationship between the scores of the dependent variables.
D)there no significant interest in the independent variables.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 31Q 31

The names of the hypotheses for a research study are and .
A)first, second
B)mutually exclusive, exhaustive
C)null, research
D)null, exhaustive

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 32Q 32

Mark has developed a research question.In addition, he has developed two hypotheses for his research question.The second hypothesis Mark has developed states there is a difference between the scores on the dependent variables he is measuring.This is known as the hypothesis.
A)second
B)null
C)exclusive
D)research

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 33Q 33

Georgia has developed two hypotheses for her research question.The first hypothesis is known as the null hypothesis and states there will be no difference between the scores on the dependent variables.Her second hypothesis is known as a research hypothesis and states .
A)there is a significant difference in the independent variable.
B)there is no significant difference in the scores of the dependent variables.
C)there is a difference between scores on the dependent variables.
D)the groups are the same for the variables.

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Multiple Choice

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Multiple Choice

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Multiple Choice

Q 36Q 36

You have been discussing a research project with your friend Tony.Tony has told you that his hypothesis states, the mean of population 1 is equal to the mean of population 2.How would you write this research hypothesis in symbols?
A)H

_{1}_{1}= _{2}B)H_{0}_{1}< _{2}C)H_{1}_{1} _{2}D)H_{0}_{1}= _{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 37Q 37

When stating the null or research hypotheses in symbols, the symbol stands for .
A)the mean of the sample.
B)the mean of the dependent variable.
C)levels of the independent variable.
D)the mean of the population.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 38Q 38

What does the following mean in words: H

_{0}_{1}= _{2}? A)The mean of population 1 is equal to the mean of population 2. B)The mean of population 1 is not equal to the mean of population 2. C)The mean of sample 1 is not equal to the mean of sample 2. D)The mean of sample 1 is equal to the mean of sample 2.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 39Q 39

You have been discussing a research project with your friend James.James has told you that his research hypothesis states, the mean of population 1 is not equal to the mean of population 2.How would you write this research hypothesis in symbols?
A)H

_{1}_{1}< _{2}B)H_{0}_{1}< _{2}C)H_{1}_{1} _{2}D)H_{0}_{1}= _{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 40Q 40

When selecting a research hypothesis, researchers can have either a or research hypothesis.
A)valid, reliable
B)nondirectional, directional
C)mutually exclusive, exhaustive
D)alternative, null

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Multiple Choice

Q 41Q 41

A nondirectional research hypothesis states that there .
A)is an increase in differences.
B)is a decrease in differences.
C)is no difference.
D)is a difference.

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Multiple Choice

Q 42Q 42

Merry is working on a research project about the influence of caffeine consumption on alertness.She has developed two hypotheses.Her second hypothesis states that there will be an increase in alertness with the consumption of caffeine.This hypothesis is known as a hypothesis.
A)null
B)directional
C)research
D)nondirectional

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Multiple Choice

Q 43Q 43

A research hypothesis can state all of the following except, .
A)there is a difference.
B)there will be an increase.
C)there will be a decrease.
D)there is no difference.

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 44Q 44

For her study, Stephanie has stated her research hypothesis as : H

_{1}_{1}> _{2}.What do the symbols mean? A)The mean of population 1 is equal to the mean of population 2. B)The mean of population 1 is greater than the mean of population 2. C)The mean of population 1 is less than the mean of population 2. D)The mean of population 1 is not equal to the mean of population 2.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 45Q 45

For his study, Tim has stated his research hypothesis as : H

_{1}_{1}< _{2}.What do the symbols mean? A)The mean of population 1 is equal to the mean of population 2. B)The mean of population 1 is greater than the mean of population 2. C)The mean of population 1 is less than the mean of population 2. D)The mean of population 1 is not equal to the mean of population 2.Free

Multiple Choice

Q 46Q 46

You have been discussing a research project with your friend Jerri.Jerri has told you that her research hypothesis states, the mean of population 1 is less than the mean of population 2.How would you write this research hypothesis in symbols?
A)H

_{1}_{1}< _{2}B)H_{0}_{1}< _{2}C)H_{1}_{1} _{2}D)H_{0}_{1}= _{2}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 47Q 47

According to the text, Jenn believed that her writing abilities were better than John's.Jenn is stating what kind of research hypothesis?
A)null
B)directional
C)exhaustive
D)nondirectional

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 48Q 48

According to the text, John believed that there were no differences in writing abilities between himself and Jenn.John is stating what kind of hypothesis?
A)null
B)directional
C)exhaustive
D)nondirectional

Free

Multiple Choice

Q 49Q 49

Using the Heinz ketchup example, write the following hypothesis in symbols : People are less willing to buy red ketchup than green ketchup.
A)H

_{1}_{red ketchup}_{)}> _{green ketchup}_{)}B)H_{0}_{red ketchup}_{)}< _{green ketchup}_{)}C)H_{1}_{red ketchup}_{)}< _{green ketchup}_{)}D)H_{0}_{red ketchup}_{)}> _{green ketchup}_{)}Free

Multiple Choice

Q 50Q 50

Using the Heinz ketchup example, write the following hypothesis in symbols : People are more willing to buy red ketchup than green ketchup.
A)H

_{1}_{red ketchup}_{)}> _{green ketchup}_{)}B)H_{0}_{red ketchup}_{)}< _{green ketchup}_{)}C)H_{1}_{red ketchup}_{)}= _{green ketchup}_{)}D)H_{0}_{red ketchup}_{)}> _{green ketchup}_{)}True/False QuestionsFree

Multiple Choice

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

Q 56Q 56

Most research questions are developed from everyday experiences, functional problems, prior research, and literature reviews.

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True False

Q 57Q 57

Most research questions are developed from everyday experiences, functional problems, prior research, and theory.

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True False

Q 58Q 58

Researchers who are attempting to solve a real world problem developed their research ideas from everyday experiences.

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True False

Q 59Q 59

Taking the recommendation of authors in a publication as a basis for your own research is known as getting a research idea from prior research.

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

Q 67Q 67

Publishers of websites with the .org can sometimes have hidden agendas and only present one-sided information.

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True False

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True False

Q 69Q 69

The use of the word AND in a database search can increase the number of returned search results.

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False

Q 74Q 74

The null hypothesis states that there is no difference between scores on dependent variables.

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True False

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True False

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True False

Q 77Q 77

The research hypothesis states that there is no difference between scores on dependent variables.

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True False

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True False

Q 79Q 79

A researcher whose hypothesis predicts an increase or decrease is said to have a nondirectional hypothesis.

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True False

Q 80Q 80

A researcher who's hypothesis predicts an increase or decrease is said to have a directional hypothesis.

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True False

Q 81Q 81

The three options for a research hypothesis are there is a difference, increasing, or decreasing.

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True False

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True False

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True False

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True False