Quiz 2 :
Developing a Good Research Idea and Conducting an Ethical Project
(1) Few studies on obedience to authority have been conducted in diverse cultures; (2) Few studies on obedience to authority have had a control group that wasn't exposed to the control of the authority; (3) Few studies on obedience to authority have examined gender differences; (4) No studies have examined obedience to authority in children.
It appears as though past research (specifically, Milgram's obedience experiments) was the impetus for this research question. Milgram is mentioned in the first sentence of the article.
(1) It is unlikely that participants were told they had the right to decline or discontinue their participation (one of the prompts listed on p. 532 is "You have no other choice but to continue"). (2) It is unlikely that participants were told that the experiment might cause discomfort, as that might affect the success of the deception.