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Quiz 2 :

Evaluating Scientific Claims

Quiz 2 :

Evaluating Scientific Claims

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An individual claims to be able to detect the presence of graves in an old cemetery by using a "dowsing" or "divining" rod.The rod is a forked twig held in front of the individual as he walks across the cemetery.The "dowser" (person who is using the dowsing rod)claims that depending on which way the twig moves (up and down or side to side)he can determine if there is a grave there and the gender and age of the individual buried at that spot.Which of the following would NOT help evaluate if the dowser is a fraud?
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Answer:

D

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You are reading an article in Discover magazine about Tiktaalik roseae,the organism thought to be the link between fish and terrestrial tetrapods.The researcher that discovered Tiktaalik was publicly funded.This article represents a ________ literature presentation of ________ research.
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C

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The reliability of primary scientific literature is strengthened by the ________ process,in which the work is examined by other leaders in the same field.For instance,a scientific paper examining the evolution of tetrapods would be reviewed by other evolutionary biologists and paleontologists.
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A

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Which of the following examples indicates a situation where the researcher is MOST likely to have a possible bias regarding his or her work?
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Scientists working for a major cosmetics company are attempting to determine if a new face cream can reduce the number of fine lines and wrinkles on a person's face.This is an example of
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Your own scientific literacy would NOT be helpful in answering which of the following questions?
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Therapeutic touch (TT)is a type of "energy" medicine that involves the practitioner moving his or her hands over the energy field of the patient,without actually touching the patient,but redirecting the energy field to heal the patient.If a researcher were to design a survey of TT practitioners and their patients to determine the validity of TT,which of the following questions would NOT be helpful in determining the validity of the survey?
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You are reading an article written by Neil Shubin et al.regarding the pectoral fin of Tiktaalik roseae in the peer-reviewed journal Nature.Dr.Shubin is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is employed by The University of Chicago.This article represents a ________ literature presentation of ________ research.
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Which of the following is LEAST likely to include unchecked bias when making scientific statements?
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A pharmaceutical company conducts trials on animals and cell lines to determine the safety of a new vaccine before performing clinical trials on adult human volunteers.This is an example of
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Which of the following would be a positive consideration when evaluating a researcher's expertise regarding a particular scientific claim?
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The federally funded Centers for Disease Control routinely collect and evaluate data regarding communicable diseases.This information helps researchers make recommendations regarding vaccination schedules for children and adults.This is an example of
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Which of the following statements about the process of science is accurate?
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Announcing "scientific" findings in a press conference before they have been published in an established scientific journal is an example of
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You are reading an article in National Geographic regarding the evolution of humans.This would be an example of ________ literature.
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Therapeutic touch (TT)is a type of "energy" medicine that involves the practitioner moving his or her hands over the energy field of the patient,without actually touching the patient,to redirect the energy field and heal the patient.Which of the following would be the first concept to investigate to help evaluate the claims of TT practitioners?
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Scientists at a major university are attempting to isolate the gene that slows the degeneration of collagen in skin.This is an example of
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Which of the following would NOT be a situation where your own scientific literacy would be helpful in decision-making?
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A research team funded by a pharmaceutical company is studying the adaptation of grasshopper mice to the neurotoxic venom of scorpions in an attempt to determine how the mice's adaptation could be used as a possible solution to pain management in humans.This is an example of ________ research.
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A research team funded by federal grants is studying the coevolution of pain receptors in grasshopper mice and the neurotoxic venom of scorpions (one of their primary food sources)to determine how the mice have adapted to the venom of their prey.This is an example of ________ research.
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