Mental Health Nursing

Nursing

Quiz 4 :

Relevant Theories and Therapies for Nursing Practice

Quiz 4 :

Relevant Theories and Therapies for Nursing Practice

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The parent of a 4-year-old rewards and praises the child for helping a younger sibling, being polite, and using good manners. The nurse supports this use of praise related to these behaviours. These qualities are likely to be internalized and become part of which system of the personality?
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Answer:

C

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An adult says, "I never know the answers," and "My opinion doesn't count." Which psychosocial crisis was unsuccessfully resolved for this adult?
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C

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Although ego defence mechanisms and security operations are mainly unconscious and designed to relieve anxiety, the major difference is which of the following?
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D

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The parent of a child diagnosed with schizophrenia tearfully asks the nurse, "What could I have done differently to prevent this illness?" Select the nurse's best response.
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A nurse listens to a group of recent retirees. One says, "I volunteer with Meals on Wheels, coach teen sports, and do church visitation." Another laughs and says, "I'm too busy taking care of myself to volunteer to help others." Which developmental task do these statements contrast?
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Consider this comment from a therapist: "The patient is homosexual but has kept this preference secret. Severe anxiety and depression occur when the patient anticipates family reactions to this sexual orientation." Which perspective is evident in the speaker?
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Which patient statement would lead the nurse to suspect unsuccessful completion of the developmental task of infancy?
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A nurse influenced by Peplau's interpersonal theory works with an anxious, withdrawn patient. Interventions should focus on which of the following?
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A 26-month-old displays negative behaviour, refuses toilet training, and often says, "No!" Which stage of psychosexual development is evident?
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A nurse uses Maslow's hierarchy of needs to plan care for a patient with mental illness. Which problem will receive priority?
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A patient is suspicious and frequently manipulates others. To which psychosexual stage do these traits relate?
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Operant conditioning is part of the treatment plan to encourage speech in a child who is nearly mute. Which technique applies?
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A 4-year-old grabs toys from siblings and says, "I want that now!" The siblings cry, and the child's parent becomes upset with the behaviour. According to Freudian theory, this behaviour is a product of impulses originating in which system of the personality?
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A 26-month-old displays negative behaviour, refuses toilet training, and often says, "No!" Which psychosocial crisis is evident?
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A patient had psychotherapy weekly for 5 months. The therapist used free association, dream analysis, and facilitated transference to help the patient understand conflicts and foster change. Select the term that applies to this method.
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A student nurse says, "I don't need to interact with my patients. I learn what I need to know by observation." An instructor can best interpret the nursing implications of Sullivan's theory to this student by responding with which of the following?
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A nurse consistently encourages a patient to do his or her own activities of daily living (ADLs). If the patient is unable to complete an activity, the nurse helps until the patient is once again independent. This nurse's practice is most influenced by which theorist?
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A parent says, "My 2-year-old child refuses toilet training and shouts "No!" when given directions. What do you think is the challenge for the child in this situation?" Select the nurse's best reply.
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Which stage of psychosexual development is most relevant to the patient that expresses a desire to be cared for by others and often behaves in a helpless fashion?
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A nurse supports a parent for praising a child behaving in a helpful way. When this child behaves with politeness and helpfulness in adulthood, which feeling will most likely result?
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