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Quiz 2 :

The Legal System in the United States and Its Constitutional Foundation

Quiz 2 :

The Legal System in the United States and Its Constitutional Foundation

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Both the U.S. district courts and the U.S. courts of appeal have jurisdiction to review decisions of the highest state courts.
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True False
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False

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Both statute law and case law are used in the United States legal system to reach decisions in civil lawsuits and criminal actions.
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True

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A trial court has the power to hear an appeal of a decision of a lower court.
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False

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The power of courts to hear and decide a case is known as
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The U.S. Supreme Court was established by an act of Congress.
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"Jurisdiction over the person" means that a court has the power to hear a case because it has authority over the parties.
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Courts enforce law by imposing punishment for violations or awarding damages to ones who have been injured.
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A court of original jurisdiction is called a
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A court that has the power to hear almost any case brought before it is considered to have
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In the United States, courts have the power to offer advisory opinions and answer hypothetical questions put to them by attorneys.
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A small claims court is an example of a(n)
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The United States has two separate and distinct court systems: the federal court system and the state and local court system.
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At least four out of nine justices must agree to hear an appeal from a state or federal court before a case comes before the U.S. Supreme Court.
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The federal court system varies from one area of the country to another.
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The Fourth Amendment guarantees the individual's right to free speech.
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The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights.
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The U.S. system of government is based on a concept known as separation of powers.
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Our legal system operates within the framework of litigation. Litigation refers to a lawsuit or legal action.
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The role of an appellate court is to
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The Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison established the basis for the concept of judicial review in our legal system.
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