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Cognition

Psychology

Quiz 12 :

Deductive Reasoning and Decision Making

Quiz 12 :

Deductive Reasoning and Decision Making

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The discussion about conditional reasoning pointed out that
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D

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Consider the following problem: "Some college students are bright. All bright people are hard working. Therefore, all college students are hard working." What kind of thinking task does this problem represent?
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C

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Suppose that you are given several pieces of information, and you must infer whether the logical consequence of that information is correct. The task you are performing is called
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D

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Studies on the belief-bias effect conclude that
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Which of the following kinds of propositional reasoning is actually valid?
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Which of the following statements about factors affecting conditional reasoning is correct?
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Yesterday, Dr. Ling announced to his biopsychology class, "If we are going to have a review session on Tuesday, everyone in the class will receive an e-mail message on Friday." Elspeth is enrolled in the class, and she did not receive a message on Friday. Based on these premises, she concludes that the class will not have a review session on Tuesday. She is using the kind of reasoning known as
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Here is a reasoning problem: If Mary is a psychology major at your college then she must take statistics. Mary graduates from your college without taking statistics. Therefore, Mary is not a psychology major. What kind of problem is this?
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Here is a reasoning problem. "All writers are creative. Some actors are creative. Therefore, some actors are writers." This is an example of
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According to the discussion of logical reasoning,
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A professor knows that if it is raining outside, the window of her office will be wet. She looks at her window and notices that it is wet. She, therefore, concludes that it must be raining outside. Which kind of reasoning is she using?
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Here is a reasoning problem: "Some vegetables have seeds. Some things that have seeds are fruits. Therefore, some vegetables are fruits." What kind of reasoning does this represent?
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Heuristics are relevant when we try to answer a reasoning problem because
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Here is a reasoning problem: "If today is Tuesday then my cognition class meets this morning. Today is not Tuesday. Therefore, my cognition class does not meet this morning." What kind of reasoning does this represent?
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When people draw a logical conclusion on the basis of whether it agrees with their everyday knowledge, they are demonstrating the
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Julio has been told, "If your name appears on the list outside Dr. Forest's office, you'll be in the psychology honors class next semester." Julio's name does indeed appear on the list. Julio concludes that he will be in the psychology honors class next semester. Julio is using
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Which of the following students provides the most accurate summary of Type 1 and Type 2 processing, in connection with reasoning and decision making?
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Research on the belief-bias effect shows that
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According to the discussion in Chapter 12, the belief-bias effect
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Which of the following students provides the most accurate information about the belief-bias effect?
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