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Quiz 2 :

Ethical Theory and Philosophy

Quiz 2 :

Ethical Theory and Philosophy

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According to Rest and his co-workers, people who love to learn; seek challenges; and are reflective, set goals, take risks, and profit from stimulating and challenging environments are those who develop in which of the following characteristics?
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Answer:

C

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Ethical decision making is a behavior and can be done well or done poorly. It is inherent and is not taught or learned.
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Answer:

C

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Moral development is thought to be a process, because moral development has been shown to typically occur in progressive steps or stages.
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Answer:

A

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People operate on their experiences to make sense of them. The experiences, as we make sense of them, change the basic conceptual structures by which people construct meanings.
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In the academic world, examining the different ways in which moral thinking can be done is called a study of
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You are at a party and notice that a friend has consumed more alcohol than usual and appears inebriated. At you watch her weave to her car, you wrestle with intervening, and many questions go through your mind. You wonder if she will be angry and resent it later on if you try to stop her but fear that she will not make it home safely if you do not. You wrestle whether or not to grab her keys and call a cab. This is an example of which of the following types of ethics?
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Who was a proponent of utilitarianism?
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According to Piaget, rules are tested and become internalized during which of the following stages of moral development?
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According to Piaget's four-stage model of moral development, the egocentric stage is found in individuals of which of the following ages?
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Which of the following views of moral reasoning is predicated on the idea that the rightness or wrongness of any action is determined and justified by the consequences of the act being considered?
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Which of the following is the most basic stage of Kohlberg's three-level model of moral development?
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The cognitive aspects of moral development are only part of the story, because incorporating the skill of differentiating right from wrong into life is a matter of building habits.
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John Stuart Mill was a proponent of utilitarianism, which states that an action should be judged to be moral on its capacity to provide the greatest good for the largest number of people.
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Adding fluoride to a community water system is a good example of the application of which of the following types of ethical reasoning?
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Which of the following is an example where avoiding hurt becomes the moral guide governing all moral reasoning according to Gilligan's model of moral development?
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Which of the following is thought to be one of the strongest and most consistent correlates with development of moral judgment?
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Which of the following stages of Kohlberg's three-level model of moral development is considered to be conventional reasoning, in which expectations of family and groups are maintained and where loyalty and conformity are considered important?
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The capacity for moral judgment is rigid, because a person's cognitive moral development and his or her ability to employ what he or she understands peaks at a certain age.
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Which of the following theorists of cognitive moral development created the concept of the ethic of care?
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Moral education programs seem to be most effective among which of the following members of society?
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