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Invitation to the Life Span Study Set 1

Psychology

Quiz 7 :

Middle Childhood: Body and Mind

Quiz 7 :

Middle Childhood: Body and Mind

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Unlike Jean Piaget,who thought children would discover most concepts themselves,Lev Vygotsky stressed _____ from teachers and mentors who provided the needed scaffold between potential and knowledge by engaging each child in his or her zone of proximal development.
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direct instruction

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An approach to learning a new language in which instruction occurs exclusively in the new language is called "_____."
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immersion

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_____ refers to the concept of "thinking about thinking."
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Metacognition

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According to some psychologists,modern children are overprotected from bacteria and viruses,so they often are not exposed to minor infections and diseases that strengthen their immune systems.Experts call this idea the "_____."
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Nine-year-old Devonte writes,"My dad is as big as an ox." This statement demonstrates his understanding of a figure of speech called a "_____."
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Mark and Tommy are brothers.Mark is 5 and Tommy is 10.When playing baseball,Tommy is able to swing the bat faster and is quicker to move toward a ball that is hit into the yard.Tommy has a faster _____ time than Mark.
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During middle childhood,a body mass index (BMI)above the 85th percentile for one's age is the definition of _____.
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The cognitive theory that most closely approximates the operation of a computer is _____ theory.
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A body of knowledge in a particular area that makes it easier to master new information in that area is referred to as a "knowledge _____."
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Jean Piaget called middle childhood the time for _____ operational thought.
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The chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that makes breathing difficult is called "_____."
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Kirt is sorting through his mother's cup of change.As he makes piles of pennies,nickels,and dimes,he utilizes the cognitive skill called "_____."
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Mastery of language pragmatics allows children to change linguistic _____ depending on the audience.
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The analysis and flow of information within the information-processing system is regulated by _____ processes in the brain.
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_____ attention is the ability to concentrate on some stimuli while ignoring others.
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In middle childhood,children have "_____," which refers to the ability to get adults to do what they want,such as purchasing calorie-dense foods that are advertised on television.
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Genetics and environmental factors safeguard _____.
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Jack has a body mass index (BMI)above the 95th percentile for his age.Jack is considered _____.
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Knowing which words to use with teachers and informally with friends illustrates the practical side of language,also called "_____."
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Control processes include emotional regulation,selective attention,and _____.
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