Federally funded "justice reinvestment" initiatives were enacted to improve state crime policies to reduce mass incarceration.Why do scholars think that U.S.
Incarceration rates have been largely unaffected?
______ have unlimited discretion to incarcerate and to act in concert with punitive local public opinion because they do not have to attend to the ultimate cost of offenders' stay in prisons.Local counties do not pay for state prisons; they are paid for by individuals' federal tax dollars.
Goode and Ben-Yehuda (1994)stressed the level of popular participation in moral panics and believed they are founded on genuine public concern,which is picked up
And promoted by the media.This is known as the ______ model.