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Criminal Justice Ethics

Criminal Justice

Quiz 9 :

The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making

Quiz 9 :

The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making

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Which of the following is not one of Reamer's (1986)three grounds for policy making?
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Answer:

B

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The association between crime,minorities,and criminal justice policy making is underpinned by a substantial body of research that reveals that ______.
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Answer:

A

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Cohen (1972)described ______ in terms of the emergence of a condition,event,or group of persons that becomes defined as a threat to the values and interests of Society.
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C

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The rush to incarcerate has increase the rate of imprisonment from ______ per 100,000 in 1979 to ______ per 100,000 for U.S.residents of all ages in 2016.
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Federally funded "justice reinvestment" initiatives were enacted to improve state crime policies to reduce mass incarceration.Why do scholars think that U.S. Incarceration rates have been largely unaffected?
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Morality policies share which of the following common features?
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Examples of moral panics include ______.
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Nearly 2.5% of all black males living in the U.S were incarcerated on December 31, 2016,and black males from 18 to 19 were ______ times more likely to be imprisoned Than white males of the same age.
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Policy making on ethical grounds requires a calculated,philosophical analysis of the morality upon which the policy is based.This is not true for public policy making on ______ grounds.
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Researchers have identified the ideology of ______ as fostering punitive punishment policies.
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______ have unlimited discretion to incarcerate and to act in concert with punitive local public opinion because they do not have to attend to the ultimate cost of offenders' stay in prisons.Local counties do not pay for state prisons; they are paid for by individuals' federal tax dollars.
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Tong (1986)explains that cost-benefit analysis comprises all of the following stages except ______.
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In formulating criminal justice policy on issues of morality policy making,policy makers should ______,
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Aviram (2015)traces concern about correctional costs to the financial crisis of______,when the country went into recession.
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What did Tonry (2011)identify as a major precipitator of the severity of modern criminal justice policies and the unfair burdens they place on Black Americans?
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Goode and Ben-Yehuda (1994)stressed the level of popular participation in moral panics and believed they are founded on genuine public concern,which is picked up And promoted by the media.This is known as the ______ model.
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Unethical legislation and policies can sometimes be the result of a moral panic.A "moral panic" is ______.
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Which of Reamer's (1986)grounds relies on conclusions drawn from an analysis of what is "right and wrong" or "good and bad" in a moral sense?
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States have tended to follow the U.S.Sentencing Commission guidelines,which are currently ______ and which,until recently,set very lengthy sentences.
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Which of Reamer's (1986)grounds relate to science and research and to what is known from that research about the likely outcome of a particular policy?
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