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The Legal Environment of Business Study Set 3

Business

Quiz 21 :

Employment Discrimination

Quiz 21 :

Employment Discrimination

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Which of the following is true of the employment-at-will doctrine?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B

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Define the employment-at-will doctrine, and describe the public policy exception to the employment-at-will doctrine.
Free
Essay
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Answer:

The employment-at-will doctrine holds that a contract of employment for an indeterminate term is terminable at will by either the employer or the employee. It is the traditional American rule governing employer-employee relations. The public policy exception to the employment-at-will doctrine prohibits terminations that contravene established public policy. "Public policy" varies from state to state, but some of the terminations commonly deemed unlawful include dismissals based on actions "in the public interest," such as participation in environmental or consumer protection activities, and dismissals resulting from whistleblowing.
Many states have also cut away at the employment-at-will doctrine with laws that specifically prohibit the termination of employees in retaliation for such diverse activities as serving jury duty, performing military service, filing for or testifying at hearings for worker's compensation claims, whistleblowing, and refusing to take lie-detector tests. A total of 43 states accept the public policy exception.

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The Thirteenth Amendment granted former slaves all the rights and privileges of citizenship and guaranteed the equal protection of the law to all persons.
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True False
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Answer:

False

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Which of the following is the purpose of the Fourteenth Amendment?
Multiple Choice
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The Fifth Amendment states that no person may be deprived of life.
True False
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The implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing theory holds that every employment contract, except an unwritten one, contains an implicit understanding that the parties will deal fairly with one another.
True False
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A claim under the 1866 or 1871 Civil Rights Act cannot be added to a claim under another antidiscrimination statute.
True False
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Which of the following is true of the Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871?
Multiple Choice
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The Civil Rights Act of 1871 was designed to effectuate the Thirteenth Amendment and guarantees that all persons in the United States have the same right to make and enforce contracts and have full and equal benefit of the law.
True False
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In all industrial democracies except the United States, workers are protected by law from unjust termination.
True False
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The exception is an exception to the employment-at-will doctrine that makes it unlawful to dismiss an employee for taking certain actions in the public interest.
Multiple Choice
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Which of the following statements is true of the remedies for the Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871?
Multiple Choice
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The Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871 have specific provisions for remedies.
True False
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Which party bears the initial burden of proof in a typical Equal Pay Act case?
Multiple Choice
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Which of the following is used by an employee to support a claim that an implied contract of continued employment was in existence?
Multiple Choice
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The first major civil rights act that was passed immediately after the Civil War was the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
True False
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The Equal Pay Act of 1963 was an amendment to the Act.
Multiple Choice
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The was designed to effectuate the Thirteenth Amendment and guarantees that all persons in the United States have the same right to make and enforce contracts and have full and equal benefit of the law.
Multiple Choice
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Initially, the civil rights acts were interpreted very narrowly to prohibit discrimination based only on race.
True False
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The Civil Rights Act of 1871 prohibits .
Multiple Choice
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