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Quiz 26 :

Asepsis and Infection Control

Quiz 26 :

Asepsis and Infection Control

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The nurse recognizes which term to identify the second line of defense that leads to local capillary dilation and leukocyte infiltration?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B
Explanation: The second line of defense is the inflammatory response. Inflammation is a local response to cellular injury or infection that includes capillary dilation and leukocyte infiltration. Normal flora is the body's first line of defense. The immune response is the body's attempt to protect itself from foreign and harmful substances. Humoral immunity is a defense system that involves white blood cells (B lymphocytes) that produce antibodies in response to antigens or pathogens circulating in the lymph and blood.

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Which isolation precaution should the nurse implement for the patient who has been diagnosed with hepatitis A?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

B
Explanation: Contact precautions are used when a known or suspected contagious disease may be present and is transmitted through direct contact with the patient or indirect contact with items in the patient's environment. Airborne precautions are used when known or suspected contagious diseases can be transmitted by means of small droplets or particles that can remain suspended in the air for prolonged periods. Droplet precautions are used when known or suspected contagious diseases can be transmitted through large droplets suspended in the air. Protective isolation is used for patients who have compromised immune systems.

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The nurse is teaching a group of patients about diseases that are transmitted by ticks. Which term would the nurse use when identifying the function of a tick in spreading disease?
Free
Multiple Choice
Answer:

Answer:

A
Explanation: Vectors carry pathogens from one host to another. Bacteria are single-cell organisms. Viruses are the smallest organisms. Fungi are single-cell organisms that can cause infection.

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When the nurse is wearing sterile gloves, which action would result in the gloves becoming nonsterile?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse recognizes which situation to be inappropriate to use alcohol-based hand sanitizer?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse recognizes that the stethoscope most correctly represents which possible link in the chain of infection?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse is caring for a patient who is comatose. When preforming oral hygiene, which interval is most appropriate?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse knows which skill does not require the use of sterile technique?
Multiple Choice
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When teaching a student nurse about removing PPE, the nurse would include which correct order of equipment removal?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse understands that which set of vital signs most likely indicates infection?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse correctly identifies which patient as having the greatest risk for infection?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse is planning care for an elderly patient. The nurse recognizes the patient is at risk for respiratory infections based on which factors?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse anticipates correctly that what medication category would be ordered to treat athlete's foot?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse uses what term to identify a disease-causing organism?
Multiple Choice
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What response would the nurse provide to correctly identify the most effective method to prevent hospital-acquired infections?
Multiple Choice
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When the patient is diagnosed with pertussis, which isolation precaution should the nurse implement?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse is preparing to perform suctioning on a new tracheostomy with the potential for forceful expulsion of secretions and identifies what PPE (personal protective equipment) should be worn?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse is explaining to the patient why antibiotics are being administered. The answer would be correct if the nurse stated antibiotics are effective against which microorganism?
Multiple Choice
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A patient admitted after abdominal surgery has a Nursing diagnosis of risk for infection. The nurse identifies which goal to be most appropriate?
Multiple Choice
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The nurse knows that the antigen-antibody reaction is an example of what type of immunity?
Multiple Choice
Answer:
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