Quiz 8: Cost Analysis
Economies of Scope refers to situations where per unit costs are: A)Unaffected when two or more products are produced B)Reduced when two or more products are produced C)Increased when two or more products are produced D)Demonstrating constant returns to scale E)Demonstrating decreasing returns to scale
Economies of scale exist whenever long-run average costs: A)Increase as output is increased B)Remain constant as output is increased C)Decrease as output is increased D)Decline and then rise as output is increased E)None of the above
Which of the following is true with regards to a long-run cost function? A)The shape of the firm's long-run cost function is important in decisions to expand the scale of operations B)The long-run average cost curve is U-shaped C)The long-run average cost curve is flatter than the short-run average cost curve. D)The curve consists of the lower boundary of all the short-run cost curves E)All of the above
If TC = 321 + 55Q - 5Q2,then average total cost at Q = 10 is: A)10.2 B)102 C)37.1 D)371 E)321
Suppose that total cost is given by TC = 200 + 5Q - 0.4Q2 + 0.001Q3 A)Fixed cost (FC)is $200 B)Variable cost (VC)is 5Q - 0.4Q2 + 0.001Q3 C)Average variable cost (AVC)is 5 - 0.4Q + 0.001Q2 D)Marginal cost (MC)is 5 - 0.8Q +.003Q2 E)All of the above are correct
What method of inventory valuation should be used for economic decision-making problems? A)book value B)original cost C)current replacement cost D)cost or market,whichever is lower E)historical cost
According to the theory of cost,specialization in the use of variable resources in the short-run results initially in: A)decreasing returns and declining average and marginal costs B)increasing returns and declining average and marginal costs C)increasing returns and increasing average and marginal costs D)decreasing returns and increasing average and marginal costs E)none of the above
For a short-run cost function which of the following statements is (are)not true? A)The average fixed cost function is monotonically decreasing. B)The marginal cost function intersects the average fixed cost function where the average variable cost function is a minimum. C)The marginal cost function intersects the average variable cost function where the average variable cost function is a minimum. D)The marginal cost function intersects the average total cost function where the average total cost function is a minimum. E)b and c
The cost function is: A)a means for expressing output as a function of cost B)a schedule or mathematical relationship showing the total cost of producing various quantities of output C)similar to a profit and loss statement D)incapable in being developed from statistical regression analysis E)none of the above
Which of the following statements about cost functions is true? A)Variable costs will always increase in direct proportion to the quantity of output produced. B)The less capital equipment employed in the production process relative to labor and other inputs,the longer will be the period of time required to increase significantly the scale of operation. C)The shape of the firm's long-run cost function is important in decisions to expand the scale of operations. D)none of the above
Which of the following statements concerning the short-run average cost curve of economic theory is true? A)It is L-shaped B)It is -shaped C)It is -shaped D)It is -shaped E)It is M-shaped
Possible sources of economies of scale (size)within a production plant include: A)specialization in the use of capital and labor B)imperfections in the labor market C)transportation costs D)a and b E)a and c
The existence of diseconomies of scale (size)for the firm is hypothesized to result from: A)transportation costs B)imperfections in the labor market C)imperfections in the capital markets D)problems of coordination and control encountered by management E)All of the above
The relevant cost in economic decision-making is the opportunity cost of the resources rather than the outlay of funds required to obtain the resources.
____ are defined as costs which are incurred regardless of the alternative action chosen in a decision-making problem. A)Opportunity costs B)Marginal costs C)Relevant costs D)Sunk costs E)None of the above
A cottage industry exists in the home-manufacture of 'country crafts'.Especially treasured are handmade quilts.If the fourth completed quilt took 30 hours to make,and the eighth quilt took 28 hours.What is the percentage learning? Hint: Percentage learning = 100% - (c2/c1)•100%. A)5% B)6.7% C)10% D)100% E)122%
During the last few days the Superior Company has been running into problems with its computer system.The last run of the production cost schedule resulted in the incomplete listing shown below.From your knowledge of cost theory,fill in the blanks.
The Jones Company has the following cost schedule: Prepare (a)average total cost and (b)marginal cost schedules for the firm.
A firm has determined that its variable costs are given by the following relationship: VC = .05Q35Q2 + 500Q where Q is the quantity of output produced.