What Is the Relationship Between Associations and Theories?
What is the relationship between associations and theories?
A) Theories are more complicated explanations for observed associations.
B) Associations are required before theories can be made.
C) Theories are required before associations can be made.
D) Associations are more complicated explanations for observed theories.
What can be concluded about a theory if its related hypothesis is supported after rigorous testing?
A) The theory is consistent with the available evidence, and can be accepted for the time being.
B) The theory has been proved, and can now be accepted as a law.
C) Nothing much can be concluded from a single test, so the status of the theory does not change.
D) The theory is to be thrown out once a reliable hypothesis has been supported.
What influence did Darwin's theory of evolution have on 19th-century anthropology?
A) Early anthropologists believed that cultures develop in a uniform manner, as Darwin suggested species do.
B) It was assumed that only European societies were humans, and that other peoples constituted different species.
C) Their acceptance of Darwinian evolution placed early anthropologists in a position of conflict with the church.
D) Cultural anthropology was approached from the perspectives of biologists.
What earlier theoretical approach did Leslie White's neoevolution counter?
A) historical particularism
C) cultural evolution