Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes Show Differences in Posttranscriptional Modifications of Mrna
Prokaryotes and eukaryotes show differences in posttranscriptional modifications of mRNA. What are these differences, and why do eukaryotes show more modifications than prokaryotes?
Polypeptides must be sorted after translation. Does protein sorting occur in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes? Describe the process of protein sorting and explain how the signal sequence is involved. What would you expect to see if the signal sequence has been mutated or deleted?
Describe what is meant by a "conformational disease" and give an example. Why do you think these diseases exhibit late age of onset?
Compare and contrast the mechanism of action of two commonly used antibiotics. Include details about which steps of translation are inhibited, and explain how the antibiotic accomplishes this inhibition.