In examination of the operation of mechanisms of defense one can expect them to appear
A) under all conditions.
B) under conditions of threat.
C) when the person is asleep.
D) when a person is intoxicated or tired.
Which of the following defense mechanisms involves replacement of the original object of gratification with a higher cultural goal?
Research on repression suggests that
A) guilt decreases arousal.
B) physiological arousal may be blocked.
C) physiological arousal may not be perceived.
D) arousal increases guilt.
Relative to those low on repression, repressors
A) recall negative emotions and early memories.
B) recall negative emotions but not early memories.
C) recall early memories but not negative emotions.
D) have trouble recalling negative emotions and early memories.