In an Experiment in Which Students Took Part in a Discussion
In an experiment in which students took part in a discussion over an intercom, one "student" pretended to have an epileptic seizure.Regarding the degree of bystander intervention shown in this experiment,
A)subjects who thought they were alone with the "victim" reported it immediately or tried to help.
B)some subjects in the three-person groups failed to respond, and those who did were slower.
C)more than one-third of the subjects in the six-person groups took no action at all.
D)all of these occurred.
In the naturalistic experiment in which a "victim" (actor) "passed out" in a subway car,
A)most people were willing to help in either case with slightly more helping when the "victim" had a cane than a liquor bottle.
B)more people were willing to help if the "victim" had a cane, but virtually no one helped when he had a liquor bottle.
C)less than 25 percent of the participants helped out in either case.
D)a few people called 911, but no one physically assumed responsibility for helping either "victim."
Many studies suggest that when we see a person in trouble,
A)it tends to cause heightened arousal.
B)we tend to give aid only if the rewards of helping outweigh the costs.
C)potential helpers may feel empathic arousal.
D)all of these tend to occur.
In general, helping behavior in emergency situations is discouraged by
A)the presence of a large number of persons.
B)low costs associated with helping.
C)smaller social distance between the helper and the victim.
D)fear of cognitive dissonance.